April 26, 94

Vol. 09 , No. 11   

Are Dolphins Even Smarter Than We Thought?

Dr. Adam Pack has spent the past ten years involved in the scientific study of marine mammals at the Kewalo Basin Marine Mammal Laboratory (KBMML). Most of the research carried out at the lab focuses on the sensory processes, cognition, and communication in bottle-nosed dolphins, but Pack has also conducted research with humpback whales and pinnipeds.

Pack received his M.A. in comparative psychology and his Ph.D. in comparative cognition from the University of Hawaii in Manoa. As the senior research coordinator at KBMML, Pack plays an invaluable role in the design, methodology, training, and implementation of all research projects involving the dolphins residing there. A firm believer that scientific research is most valuable when it can educate the general public, Pack dedicates much of his time to interacting with school classes, as well as civic and community groups. He is also cofounder and vice president of the Dolphin Institute, a not-for-profit corporation dedicated to dolphins and whales through education, research, and conservation.

Pack's latest research has shown, for the first time, that dolphins' visual and echoic (SONAR) perceptual systems are integrated at the representational level. The dolphin can immediately recognize complexly-shaped objects visually that it has experienced earlier echoically. It can also immediately recognize complexly-shaped objects echoically that it has experienced earlier visually. Pack will discuss this aspect of dolphin cognition in detail along with other research that has helped us achieve a broader understanding of dolphin intelligence.

Pack's presentation on dolphin intelligence is cosponsored by the Claremont McKenna College psychology department and the Roberts Environmental Center.

Health Care: Hope and Reality

Dr. Reed Tuckson is in the center of the storm we know as the health care crisis. Tuckson, however, is hopeful, feeling that health care reform that provides comprehensive universal coverage for all Americans is a beneficial and necessary endeavor.

Tuckson is president of the Charles R. Drew University of Medicine and Science in Los Angeles, one of only four AfricanAmerican academic health science centers. The mission of Drew, as Tuckson sees it, is to train health professionals who are dedicated and competent to serve the health needs of traditionally underserved communities and to develop new knowledge in the context of that service.

Tuckson was born in Washington, DC, where he stayed to complete his education. He graduated from Howard University, received his M.D. from Georgetown University and trained outside of DC as an intern, resident, and fellow in general internal medicine at the hospital of the University of Pennsylvania. A Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholar of the University of Pennsylvania, he studied health care administration and policy at the Wharton School of Business.

Prior to coming to Drew in 1991, Tuckson was the senior vice president for programs of the March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation. He also served as commissioner of public health of the District of Columbia for four years.

Tuckson is an active member of many organizations, boards, and committees, including the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Science, the Foundation for Health Services Research, the American Public Health Association, the U.S. Comptroller General's Health Advisory Committee, Physicians for Social Responsibility, and the Black Community Crusade for Children. He is also a member of First Lady Hillary Clinton's Health Reform Task Force.

Black Women Who Have Helped Change America

Dr. Dorothy Irene Height is one of the finest examples of leadership and commitment that anyone could find in America. She is an African-American woman who has dedicated her life to service and positive change.

Height has been involved in national leadership for more than three decades. She has served on major policy-making bodies affecting women, social welfare, economic development, and civil and human rights. During the 1950s and 1960s, she worked closely with Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., Roy Wilkins, Whitney Young, A. Phillip Randolph, and many others to help move the country forward in the civil rights struggle.

She earned her bachelor and master degrees in four years at New York University. Height joined the National Council of Negro Women (NCNW) in 1937 and served on the national staff of the YWCA from 1944 to 1977. She was active in developing leadership training and interracial and ecumenical education programs at the YWCA. In 1965 she inaugurated the Center for Racial justice, still a major initiative of the national YWCA. Height also served as the tenth national president of the Delta Sigma Theta Sorority from 1946 to 1957, before becoming the president of the NCNW.

As president of the National Council of Negro Women, Height has led the organization to pioneer new programs and initiatives such as the Black Family Reunion Celebration, a multicity cultural event designed to reinforce the historic strengths and traditional values of the African-American family. This event, now in its sixth year, has attracted more than four million people. The NCNW has also sponsored food, child care, housing, and career educational programs. Height initiated the only African-American private volunteer organization working in Africa in 1975, building on the success of the NCNW's domestic projects.

Height has received numerous awards. They include an appointment to the Advisory Council of the White House initiative on historically Black colleges and universities by President Bush, the Camille Cosby World of Children Award, the NAFEO Leadership Award, the Franklin Delano Roosevelt Freedom from Want Award, and the Presidential Citizens Medal Award for distinguished service to the country presented by President Ronald Reagan in 1989. She has also received 19 honorary doctorates from colleges and universities.

Dr. Dorothy Height has been a leader for most of her life and she continues to spread her vision of a better world. Come and share her vision.

Race Matters
MONDAY, MAY 2, 1994

At an early age Cornel West began what has been described as a lifelong habit of protest and speaking out by refusing to salute the flag because of the second-class status of AfricanAmericans in this country. This action began a journey for West that has culminated in ten books, including Prophesy Deliverance: An Afro-American Revolutionary Christianity (1992); Ethical Dimensions of Marxist Thought (1991); Prophetic Thought In Postmodern Times (1993); Race Matters (1993; and the forthcoming Blacks and Jews: Conflicts and Coalescence (1995).

At eight years old, West decided he wanted to go to Harvard University like President Teddy Roosevelt, with whom he identified because both were asthmatics. West was also impressed by the Black Baptist church, whose parishioners, only two generations from slavery, told stories of African Americans maintaining their religious faith during the most trying of times. West was also attracted to the commitment of the Black Panthers. It was from the Panthers that West began to understand the importance of community-based political action.

He graduated magna cum laude from Harvard in only three years. He went on to Princeton where he received his M.A. (1975) and Ph.D. (1980). He is currently at Princeton as professor of religion and director of the Afro-American studies department. Recently he was the W.E.B. DuBois lecturer at Harvard.

West's education and his life journey are an example of a man dedicated to learning and sharing his insights of what he has learned. Dr. West's lecture, cosponsored by the Office of Black Student Affairs, is at 6:45 p.m. in McKenna Auditorium.


Kevin Craven and Nicole Huijer, both class of '95, have been selected as Athenaeum student fellows for the 1994-95 academic year. Congratulations!

I would also like to use this forum to acknowledge the significant contribution to the quality of life at CMC made by outgoing fellows Carol Bien-Willner and Henry Taylor. Carol and Henry have brought vitality and relevance to the Athenaeum by their staunch commitment to planning programs which address student interests and concerns. They have served you well.

Also, thanks to all of you for your support throughout the year, as shown by attendance at events as well as the steady flow of ideas for programs.

Next year is full of promise and I look forward to it.