September 27, 99

Vol. 15 , No. 02   

The State of Feminism at the Millennium: Can Women Lead?

Barbara Ehrenreich is one of the most astute and poignant social critics of our time. An influential and outspoken speaker, author, and journalist, she adeptly addresses political, historical, and social issues. Her style of social criticism has been described by The New York Times as "elegant, trenchant, savagely angry, morally outraged and outrageously funny."

A prolific author and columnist, she wrote The Hearts of Men: American Dreams and the Flight from Commitment (1983), The Snarling Citizen: Essays (1995), The Worst Years of Our Lives: Irreverent Notes from a Decade of Greed (1990), and Fear of Falling: The Inner Life of the Middle Class (1989), the last of which was nominated for a National Book Critics Award in 1989. Barbara Ehrenreich's latest book, Blood Rites: Origins and History of the Passions of War (1997), traces the physiological and psychological forces that have molded humanity's ancient fascination with war. In her work, Ehrenreich explores the role of man as both hunter and hunted and touches upon issues of resource depletion, gender discrimination, and the transcendence of the war instinct into modern social society.

Ehrenreich's essays and columns have appeared in Esquire, Vogue, The Wall Street Journal, The Washington Post Magazine, Harpers, and The Nation. She has been an essayist for Time since 1990 and is a columnist for The Guardian in London.

While Ehrenreich is an accomplished and noted author and journalist, she is best known for her outspoken challenges to the contemporary social order. A frequent guest on radio and television shows, Ehrenrelch has appeared on Today, Good Morning America, Nightline, Crossfire, The Phil Donahue Show, and All Things Considered. Ehrenreich has lectured internationally on political, social, and humanitarian issues. Ehrenreich joins us this week at the Athenaeum to discuss leadership roles for women as we approach the millennium.

The Ends That Didn't Happen and the Happenings That Didn't End

One of this country's preeminent scholars and interpreters of religion and its role in American public life, Martin E. Marty served for over 30 years on the faculty at the University of Chicago, where he held the position of Fairfax M. Cone Distinguished Service Professor. Marty is author of 50 books, including Righteous Empire: The Prostestant Experience in America (1977), for which he won the National Book Award; Pilgrims in Their Own Land: 500 Years of Religion in America (1985), The One and the Many: America's Search for the Common Good (1997), A Cry of Absence (1984), five volumes he coedited for the Fundamentalism Project; and his recent three-volume major work, Modern American Religion (1986, 1991, 1996).

Born in Nebraska, Marty was ordained into the ministry in 1952 and served for a decade as a Lutheran pastor before joining the Chicago faculty. Marty's contributions to both the academic and public understanding of religion have been recognized with the awarding of the National Humanities Medal, the Medal of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and 59 honorary degrees. His deep interest in the role of religion in American political and social life have led to his positions as the George B. Caldwell Senior Scholar-in-Residence at the Park Ridge Center for the Study of Health, Faith and Ethics in Chicago, and as director of the Public Religion Project. The latter program, funded by The Pew Charitable Trusts, addresses the issue of public expressions of faith in a diverse society. Martin E. Marty's appearance at the Athenaeum is the second of the Gould lecture series on the theme of Messiahs and the Millennium.

The Jefferson Chamber Players: An Evening at Monticello

In 1818 Thomas Jefferson wrote to Nathaniel Burwell: "Music is invaluable where a person has an ear ... It furnishes a delightful recreation for the hours of respite from the cares of the day, and lasts us through life." Indeed, music played an important part in every phase of Jefferson's life. As a youth, he practiced his violin three hours a day, and as a student in Williamsburg, played well enough to perform in weekly concerts at the Governor's Palace. With daughters Maria and Martha and his wife, Martha Wayles Skelton, he spent many an evening performing music for family and guests at Monticello. From his substantial personal collection of sheet music, we know that Jefferson admired the works of such 17th and 18th-century European masters as Haydn, Boccherini, Purcell, and Rameau, as well as Scottish songs and melodies by compatriot Francis Parkinson.

The Jefferson Chamber Players have been recreating musical evenings at Monticello since 1987. Elizabeth Blumenstock, one of America's preeminent Baroque violinists, has performed as concert mistress and soloist at the Mostly Mozart Festival, and with such ensembles as the Boston Early Music Festival Orchestra and American Bach Soloists. For the Harmonia Mundi label, she has recorded CDs of the music of Nicola Matteis and Johann Sebastian Bach. Soprano Judith Nelson, one of the world's best-known baroque singers, has enchanted concert, radio, and television audiences throughout Europe and North America with her dulcet coloratura. She has recorded more than 70 CDs and has performed with many of the world's great orchestras, including the Washington National Symphony and the Los Angeles Philharmonic. Elaine Thornburgh studied harpsichord and fortepiano with the great Gustav Leonhardt and Malcolm Bilson. Her recordings include Grounds and Variations by William Byrd and a highly praised disk of sonatas by Domenico Scarlatti.

This evening's program is sponsored by the Gould Center for Humanistic Studies as part of its series on music in America.

The History of Nazi Art Looting: Tracking Works Still Missing

Nazi art looting has been the subject of enormous international attention in recent years and the topic of two bestselling historical accounts, The Lost Museum: The Nazi Conspiracy to Steal the World's Greatest Works of Art (1997) and The Rape of Europa: The Fate of Europe's Treasures in the Third Reich and the Second World War (1994) by Hector Feliciano and Lynn Nicholas, respectively. Such books leave us wondering what made thoughtful, educated, artistic men and women decide to put their talents in the service of a brutal and inhuman regime? This question is the starting point for The Faustian Bargain: the Art World of Nazi Germany, Jonathan Petropoulos's forthcoming study of the key figures in the art world of Nazi Germany.

Petropoulos is the newest Associate Professor of History at Claremont McKenna College and serves as research director for art and cultural property for the Presidential Advisory Commission on Holocaust Assets in the United States. He helped stage a 1992 traveling exhibition entitled Degenerate Art: The Fate of the Avant-Garde in Nazi Germany, and authored Art as Politics in the Third Reich (1996). He routinely acts as a consultant for documentary film and television programs. This semester he is teaching the freshmen honors seminar on World War II and a course on the culture and society of Weimar and Nazi Germany.

Petropoulos has explored the lives of those prominent individuals who, like Faust, that German archetype, chose to pursue artistic ends through collaboration with diabolical forces. Many of these figures even managed to rehabilitate their careers and live comfortably after the war. This postwar rehabilitation is a key to the fate of many looted artworks that have never been recovered or restituted. Petropoulos has discovered a network that flourished in the postwar period-one comprised of prominent members of the Nazi art world. Tens of thousands of looted artworks are still missing today. Professor Petropoulos's talk will focus on the history of Nazi art looting and the current disposition of lost works. His new book, The Faustian Bargain: the Art World in Nazi Germany, will be available from Oxford University Press in January.

Please join us as we explore the ongoing cultural ramifications of World War II and the impact of Nazi Germany on the art world.

Entrepreneurship: Art or Science? The Cobra Golf Story

Gary Biszantz is a model CMC entrepreneur, philanthropist, and leader. While attending Claremont Men's College, he was an outstanding athlete, serving as captain of the golf team and all-conference guard on the basketball team. Biszantz graduated with a degree in business administration in 1956 and went to work for his father's auto dealership. In 1969 he founded his own dealership, El Rancho Ford, and ran it successfully until the mid-eighties, when he sold it to focus on the expansion of Cobra Golf, a small golf club manufacturing company which he co-owned.

Biszantz was one of the principle founders of Cobra Golf in 1978 and was the driving force behind its ascension to second-largest manufacturer of premium oversized golf clubs. In 1991 he received San Diego's Entrepreneur of the Year award and was featured in Lee T. Silber's Successful San Diegans. Biszantz sold Cobra Golf to American Brands in 1996, devoting himself to his philanthropic work and his racing stable.

Since 1992, Biszantz's thoroughbreds have won 231 races and finished in the money 55% of the time. He has had winners at Los Alamitos and Santa Anita and ran a horse in the Kentucky Derby last year. Committed to improving the sport of horse racing, Biszantz serves on the Executive Committee and the Graded Stakes Committee of the Thoroughbred Owners and Breeders Association (TOBA).

Biszantz's philanthropic record is as impressive as his entrepreneurial success. He is an active participant in the Biszantz charitable foundation, which primarily supports schools and community organizations.

Impact: How the Press Affects Federal Policy Making

The Press and Election 2000: What Do We Want and What Do We Expect?
THURSDAY, OCTOBER 7, 1999 12:15 p.m.

Martin Linsky is a full-time faculty member at the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard and an expert on the relationship between politics and the media. A graduate of Harvard Law, he became an assistant attorney general for Massachusetts in 1967. Shortly thereafter, he was elected to the Massachusetts House of Representatives where he served until 1972. He spent the next nine years as a journalist and editor for such publications as The Boston Globe. From 1992 to 1995 he was chief secretary and then counselor to Massachusetts Governor William Weld. He has lectured at the JFK School since 1981, continuing to work as a media commentator and corporate consultant.

The impact of the media on national politics is demonstrated by the run-up to the 2000 presidential primaries. The media has chosen party front-runners before most candidates have seriously addressed the issues. The disparity between coverage of the front-runner and the closest rival has turned the polls into self-reinforcing prophesy. Linsky is the co-author of Impact: How the Press Affects Federal Policy Making (1986) and his experience in the media and politics, coupled with his extensive research on the subject, gives him firsthand knowledge of both sides of the issue.

Martin Linsky's week-long stay at CMC is funded by a grant from the E. L. Weigand Foundation Visitor-in-Residence Program.

The Politics of a National Missile Defense
WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 6, 1999 12:15 p.m.

Brian Kennedy will discuss the politics of building a national missile defense in a luncheon cosponsored by the Keck Center for International and Strategic Studies. Most Americans believe that the United States built a missile defense years ago with President Reagan's Strategic Defense Initiative. Kennedy argues that United States is not capable of stopping a single missile.

For the past two years Kennedy has directed a project at the Claremont Institute to assess the ballistic missile threat to the United States. During this time he has conducted briefings for state legislators and members of Congress on the growing strategic threat to the United States.

Kennedy is an alumnus of CMC with degrees in political science and history. Kennedy has been vice president of the Claremont Institute since 1989 and has served as the director of their Golden State Center for Policy Studies in Sacramento since 1996. He is a political scientist whose expertise includes California public policy and national security issues.

Lunch will be served at 11:45 a.m. The lecture will begin at 12:15 p.m.

An Evening of Classical Piano

American-born pianist William Grant Naboré was already an accomplished pianist at the age of ten. Born to schoolteachers who shared a passion for classical music, he grew up in an atmosphere that nourished his talents. At 17 the Italian Government awarded Naboré a scholarship to study in Rome at the Academia di Santa Cecilia with Carlo Zecchi.

Naboré received the Diploma di Perfezionamento from the Academia in 1963 and the "Paderewski" from the Conservatoire de Geneve in 1966. He continued to study piano under such great teachers as Renata Borgatti and Alicia de Larrocha.

Naboré has played in concerts all over the world with ensembles such as the Amadeus Quartet, the Talich Quartet, and the Gabrieli Quartet of London. An accomplished performer, Naboré is also a skilled teacher of his instrument and serves as the director of the International Piano Foundation. He has recorded for the ECK Accord, Diem, and Doron record labels.

William Naboré will be performing pieces by Rameau, Schubert, Granados, Chopin, and Scriabin. This recital is the first program in the Stotsenberg Chamber Music series, made possible by a generous gift from Ed and Dorothy Stotsenberg, friends of CMC.

The Russian Freedom of Conscience Act: Orthodox, Protestants, Catholics, Neopagans, Corruption
THURSDAY, OCTOBER 7, 1999 12:15 p.m.

On July 10, 1999 the Duma (Russia's Parliament) gave preliminary approval to a bill that would shrink the rights of religious minorities. The bill passed by a lopsided vote of 346 to 3 and was a compromise to the more severe legislation proposed by the Orthodox Patriarchate of Moscow.

Under the Parliamentary rules of the Duma this bill merely supports the concept of limitations on minority religious groups, and no concrete legislation will be voted on until mid-October. Still, this vote has sent a message that the Russian Parliament is ready to whittle away the rights and freedoms guaranteed to minority religious sects under the landmark 1990 Freedom of Conscience Act. The bill will make it difficult for a number of "foreign" churches to operate (such as Lutheran, Mormon, Baptist, and Seventh-Day Adventist) by denying legal status to groups who have not been registered in Russia for at least fifteen years. Unregistered groups would not be able to rent public space for services, invite foreign ministers to speak in Russia, or even conduct much of the financial activity associated with their organization.

Lawrence Uzzell has been carefully monitoring the development of this issue for the Oxford-based Keston Institute, a religious rights group. Uzzell has denounced the bill on numerous occasions, calling it "the most severe legislative setback for human rights in Moscow since the end of the Soviet Union." Uzzell is worried that this bill is only the first step in a plan by the Orthodox Patriarchate to reduce his religious competition. Mr. Uzzell believes that the potential repercussions of this bill would include government-endorsed religious persecution and the opportunity for officials to extort bribes from unregistered religious groups.

In his luncheon address Lawrence Uzzell will discuss the developments in Russia concerning religious freedom and the possible repercussions of the Patriarchate's attempts to reassert the religious and political power of Orthodoxy in Russia.

The Pirates of Penzance: A Performance Preview

At a time when some producers feel the need to update these wise and witty Victorian treasures with modern settings or revisionist jokesmanship, Sheldon's company remains steadfast in its belief that the authors knew best.

-Alan Rich

"And it is, it is a glorious thing; to be a Pirate King." Gilbert and Sullivan's Pirates of Penzance opened on December 31, 1879 at the Fifth Avenue Theater in New York. Arthur Sullivan conducted. One hundred and twenty years later, the musical's true wit is displayed by the OPERA A LA CARTE, founded and directed by Richard Sheldon.

The OPERA A LA CARTE theater company was founded in Los Angeles in 1970. It specializes in works by Gilbert and Sullivan and has performed Cox and Box, The Mikado, H.M.S. Pinafore, Patience, Trial by jury, The Zoo, The Gondoliers, and The Pirates of Penzance. It has earned a superb reputation for a highly talented cast, authentic and traditional productions, and a clarity of diction vital to Gilbert and Sullivan's brand of musical comedy.

Gilbert and Sullivan premiered The Pirates of Penzance in New York, rather than in their native London, to prevent the unprofitable, unofficial productions which had plagued their last success, H.M.S. Pinafore. However, Sullivan left the score for the first Act in England, and, unable to wait for its arrival, had to rewrite the opening scenes. In doing so, he borrowed heavily from their first collaborative effort, Thespis.

Please join us as Director Richard Sheldon discusses this great musical comedy with members of the cast performing pieces of Pirates. The OPERA A LA CARTE will stage The Pirates of Penzance on Saturday, October 9 at Bridges Auditorium.

Note from the Director

The Athenaeum is an integral part of campus life for the CMC community-and I welcome all of you to take advantage of what this generous program has to offer. Many Athenaeum events originate from the creative ideas and energy of CMC students and faculty. As a result, you will find a wide and diverse range of topics and points of view. Here you will have the opportunity to ask questions and enter into discussions with some of the great thinkers of our day. You can enjoy good music-folk, jazz, classical-or spend an evening with a poet, writer, or classics scholar. It's easy to participate in an event at the Athenaeum. Reservations are needed if you wish to attend the meal preceding a lecture or program. Simply fill out the form in the Fortnightly and return it to the Athenaeum office in person or by fax (ext. 18579), or sign up on the Internet ( No reservations are needed to attend just the lecture or program. I encourage you to stop by for tea to sample Sid's freshly baked pastries and cookies every weekday from 3:00 to 4:30 p.m. See you at the Ath!


Monday, October 11, 1999

Alan Segal, professor of Jewish studies, Barnard College, "The Origins of Messianism: Social Perspectives"

Tuesday, October 12, 1999

Nelson Polsby, professor of government, U.C. Berkeley, Podlich Distinguished Visitor

Wednesday, October 13, 1999

James Mann, foreign affairs columnist, Los Angeles Times, Wash. D.C. bureau, "Politics of China's Nuclear Policy"

Thursday, October 14, 1999

David Hayes-Bautista, director, Center for the Study of Latino Health, UCLA, "Latino Health in California: Window on the Future"

Wednesday, October 20, 1999

Joshua Farley, director, Environmental Economics Institute, University of Maryland

Thursday, October 21, 1999

Oscar Arias, former president of Costa Rica (Nobel Laureate), keynote address for the inauguration of President Pamela Brooks Gann, fourth president of Claremont McKenna College, "Moral Leadership in the Age of Globalization"

Monday, October 25, 1999

Orville Schell, dean, graduate school of journalism, U.C. Berkeley, "China and Tibet: An Uneasy Relationship"

Wednesday, October 27, 1999

Lois Gibbs, founder and executive director, Center for Health, Environment and Justice, "Lessons Learned From Love Canal Applied to the 21st Century"