October 22, 03

Vol. 19 , No. 03   

NATO in the 21st Century
WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 22, 2003 12:15 p.m.

On April 4, 1949, twelve nations signed the North Atlantic Treaty in Washington, D.C., creating an alliance of independent countries militarily prepared to maintain peace, defend freedom, and foster stable international relations. Today, the alliance is an association of 19 sovereign nations. Seven Partnership for Peace (PfP) nations have been invited to join NATO in May 2004. These nations are Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia, and Slovenia.

Although the military aspect of NATO has always been visible, the alliance was not primarily a military organization, even in the early years. It is a political alliance of independent nations that reach decisions that are agreed to and supported by all.

Two senior military officers from the NATO headquarters of Allied Command Transformation will discuss current issues facing NATO during a luncheon presentation at the Athenaeum. Some of the issues to be discussed will include the costs and benefits of NATO enlargement, NATO's relationship with Russia and the Ukraine, and the events of 9/11 and NATO's efforts to help. Recent venues for this briefing team include CNN, Yale, Princeton, Duke, the U.S. Military Academy, the U.S. Naval Academy, and various U.S. Senate staffs.

Squadron Leader Roberts was born in North Wales, United Kingdom, and joined the Royal Air Force in 1973. Trained in communications security and intelligence, he served in various locations throughout the world working for the UK Intelligence Services, including the Gulf War in 1991 as part of the UK Special Air Services team.

Lieutenant Colonel Laurentius de Moel was educated at the military academy in the Netherlands, joining the Royal Netherlands Army in 1972. He was commissioned in 1977. He has served in command positions throughout the world and presently serves as the Chief Civil Military Cooperation Officer for the Supreme Allied Commander, Atlantic.

Lunch is served at 11:45 a.m. The presentation begins at 12:15 p.m. All are welcome to attend the presentation, reservations are needed to attend the lunch.

Rethinking the Juvenile Death Penalty: The Case of "Kansas Charley"

As of June 30, there were 78 death row inmates who were sentenced as juveniles. In a world where the prevailing opinion seems to be that we need to come away from the death penalty, nearly half of our states allow for juveniles to be sentenced to death. This issue continues to pick up steam, particularly after the Supreme Court ruling in Atkins v. Virginia (2002) which held that the mentally retarded could not be put to death. Many are seeking a similar ruling regarding juveniles found guilty of the most severe of crimes.

Through her book, Kansas Charley: The Story of 19th Century Boy Murderer (2003), Joan Jacobs Brumberg argues that we as Americans should think seriously about our decision to continue this form of punishment against our youth. By mixing history with psychology, Brumberg gives us a unique view of what shaped Charles Miller and led him to the life that he chose that eventually ended in his controversial hanging in 1892.

The Stephen H. Weiss Presidential Fellow at Cornell University, Brumberg has been teaching history, human development, and women's studies for twenty years. She is the author of The Body Project: An Intimate History of American Girls (1997) and Fasting Girls: The Emergence of Anorexia Nervosa As A Modern Disease (1988). She has been recognized by the Guggenheim Foundation, the National Endowment for the Humanities, and the Society of American Historians for her writing and precise research.

Rose Institute 30th Anniversary Address

With a state budget deficit of approximately $38.2 billion dollars, the recall election, accusations of special interests dominating the legislative agenda, California's political landscape is a complex terrain to navigate. Political journalist and Sacramento Bee columnist, Dan Walters, will address the political issues facing Californians in the aftermath of the historic October 7th election.

Dan Walters has been a journalist for more than 40 years, spending all but a few of those years working for California newspapers. At one point in his career, at age 22, he was the nation's youngest daily newspaper editor.

He joined the The Sacramento Union's Capitol bureau in 1975, just as Jerry Brown began his governorship, and later became the Union's Capitol bureau chief. In 1981, Walters began writing the State's only daily newspaper column devoted to California political, economic and social events and in 1984, he and the column moved to the Sacramento Bee. He has written more than 6,000 columns about California and its politics and his column now appears in more than 50 California newspapers.

Walters has written about California and its politics for a number of other publications, including The Wall Street Journal and the Christian Science Monitor. He has also authored or co-authored two books, The New California: Facing the 21st Century (1986), and The Third House: Lobbyists, Money and Power in Sacramento (2002). Additionally he is the founding editor of the California Political Almanac.

Mr. Walters' Athenaeum presentation is the culminating speech of the Rose Institute's 30th Anniversary Conference. Students and faculty are invited to attend the conference free of charge. The conference, being held in the Mary Pickford Auditorium, will begin at 1:30 pm. The first panel will address "Successful Initiatives: Unintended Consequences?" and the second panel, beginning at 3:30 pm, will address "Failed Initiatives: Missed Opportunities?"

Empire: The Rise and Demise of the British World Order and the Lessons for Global Power
MONDAY, OCTOBER 27, 2003 12:15 p.m.

"What is power?" British historian Niall Ferguson says most people today would give a simple answer: "Power is America." Yet with America still in its cradle, it was the British Empire that directed the world stage, governing roughly a quarter of the world's population at its peak in the nineteenth century. In Empire: The Rise and Demise of the British World Order and the Lessons for Global Power (2003), Ferguson explains how "an archipelago of rainy islands . . . came to rule the world." He offers a balanced analysis of both the costs and consequences (both good and bad) of British imperialism. Yet the historic, and entertaining, tale that Ferguson tells does not simply deal with the past. Ferguson seeks to glean lessons from this history for future, or present, empires- namely America. Pointing out that the U.S. is both a product of the British Empire as well as an heir to it, he asks whether America, an "empire in denial," should "seek to shed or shoulder the imperial load it has inherited." Combining history with an extensive knowledge of politics and economics, Ferguson points out that there is compelling evidence for both.

Niall Ferguson is Professor of Political and Financial History at Oxford University and Visiting Professor in Economics at the Stern School of Business, NYU. His other publications include Paper and Iron: Hamburg Businesses and German Politics in the Era of Inflation, 1897-1927 (1995), The Cash Nexus: Money and Power in the Modern World, 1700-2000 (2001), The Pity of War: Explaining World War I (1998), Virtual History: Alternatives and Counterfactuals (2000), and the award-winning House of Rothschild: Money's Prophets, 1798-1848 (1999). Ferguson writes regularly for The Times Literary Supplement and the New York Times and is a prolific commentator on contemporary politics. The Gould Center for Humanistic Studies and the Marian Miner Cook Athenaeum are pleased to sponsor professor Ferguson's visit to CMC.

Lunch will be served at 11:45 a.m. Niall Ferguson will speak at 12:15 p.m.

Justice Delayed: 49 Years after Brown

Nearly fifty years have passed since the Supreme Court handed down a landmark ruling in Brown v. Topeka Board of Education. The ruling was supposed to be the end of the "separate but equal" doctrine established in 1896 in the case of Plessy v. Ferguson. Many efforts to promote the mixing of the races followed including controversial busing and the forced integration of Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas.

However, Thomas Pettigrew, a research professor of social psychology at the University of California, Santa Cruz, believes that we haven't progressed as far as many seem to think. A leading scholar on prejudice, Pettigrew asserts that the Rehnquist Court has implicitly overturned Brown in spirit, even if it hasn't yet done so explicitly in deed. Pettigrew argues that this has strong implications for the nation as a whole, and that we must be prepared to deal with the metamorphosis the Brown decision has undergone.

Pettigrew earned his Ph.D. from Harvard and taught at both Harvard and the University of North Carolina State before coming to UCSC in 1979. He retired from teaching in 1994 yet remains an active researcher and recently served as a senior fellow at Stanford University's Research Institute for Comparative Studies in Race and Ethnicity. Pettigrew has specialized in intergroup relations throughout his career, and conducted research in that field in South Africa and Australia. He is the author of How to Think Like a Social Scientist (1997) and The Sociology of Race Relations: Reflections and Reform (1980). In 2002, the Society for Experimental Social Psychology presented him with its Distinguished Scientist Award. Professor Pettigrew's lecture is part of the series in Conflict Resolution as well the Athenaeum's recognition of landmark anniversaries.

The Watts Prophets: Talk Up, Not Down

The most influential artists that you probably never heard of !

The Watts Prophets were born out of the ashes of Watts, the Los Angeles Black ghetto that exploded into rage during the '60s. Firing angry words at the white establishment in rhythm and rhyme, their lyrics came straight from the rage and despair of the ghetto. Sages of wisdom, the Watts Prophets were the roots of rap.

Richard Dedeaux, Amde Hamilton, Otis O'Solomon, and poet/biographer Quincy Troupe were among the creative artists who emerged in 1967 from the Watts Writers Workshop, an artistic outlet for the Watts community established after the riots by Budd Schulberg, the Academy Award-winning screenwriter of "On the Waterfront." Today, the Watts Prophets are keeping the Workshop's healing legacy alive, bringing poetry and a positive message to juvenile offenders, Head Starters, and comfortable middle-schoolers in L.A. and across the country.

Over the years, the Watts Prophets have collaborated with jazz greats Don Cherry, Ornett Coleman, Sarah Vaughn, Billy Higgins, and Quincy Jones. Recognized as the progenitors of West Coast rap, their early albums of explosive social commentary were "In the Streets of Watts" (1970) and "Rappin' Black In a White World" (1971). They have recently released a new album "When the `90s Came (1997)," and toured with Ben Harper.

Dedeaux, Hamilton, and O'Solomon have lived and created in Los Angeles for more than 30 years . This trio, whose spoken/chanted/sung poems once told of their simmering anger over powerlessness in Watts, today are keeping the Workshop's healing legacy alive.

All are welcome for a wonderful evening of music and verse at the Athenaeum. This performance by the Watts Prophets is sponsored by the Marian Miner Cook Athenaeum and Dean of Students at Claremont McKenna College.

Naked in the Promised Land: A Memoir

When Lillian Faderman's memoir, Naked in the Promised Land: A Memoir (2003), appeared earlier this year, it raised eyebrows. As one reviewer put it, "You can probably count on one finger the academic memoirs that include topless pinup shots of their authors." Faderman, a distinguished professor, university dean, and pioneering scholar of lesbian history, recounts a life story that makes visible what often gets erased in public conceptions of the professional academic- the steps that lead to the ivory tower.

Although Faderman's history is unique (daughter of an illiterate, unwed Jewish immigrant, pin-up model and exotic dancer, habitu of the underworld gay girls' bars of the 1950s), her book rings true for anyone who has walked into a classroom and left her or his past (and present) identity at the door.

Faderman has published ten books, including Surpassing the Love of Men: Romantic Friendship and Love Between Women from the Renaissance to the Present (1981) and Odd Girls and Twilight Lovers: A History of Lesbian Life in Twenty-Century America (1991), which are considered groundbreaking works in lesbian scholarship. Her books have been recognized by numerous awards, among them three Lambda Literary Awards, two American Library Association Awards, the Distinguished Senior Scholar Award given by the national American Association of University Women, as well as the Monette/Horwitz Award and Yale University's James Brudner Award, both for lifetime achievement in lesbian/gay scholarship. She teaches literature and creative writing at California State University at Fresno and has lectured widely at universities all over America.

Faderman will discuss and read from Naked in the Promised Land. She visits CMC in conjunction with the Gould Center seminar in Gay/Lesbian Writers of the 20th Century.

Exploring the Archives of the Third Reich: A Historian's Personal History

In the summer of 1958, a young American scholar found himself in a converted torpedo factory in Alexandria, Virginia, just across the Potomac River from Washington, DC. In that improbable archive, among stacks of captured German military documents he had been examining, Gerhard Weinberg found something that helped set, for decades to come, the course of his professional life. Indeed, during the subsequent decades, Professor Weinberg emerged as the preeminent American historian of World War II.

Years earlier, he had read, in the memoirs of one of Hitler's secretaries, of a "secret" book about Nazi foreign policy. Later, in 1953, Hugh Trevor-Roper's edition Hitler's Table Talk (2000) made reference to this "unpublished work"- by no less than the Fuhrer himself. Weinberg resolved to find it- if in fact it still existed (or ever existed). The diligence and resourcefulness he had invested in his search finally paid off when he discovered, in some remote recess of that converted factory, a folder that had lain unopened for more than a decade. Weinberg found within that folder a 324-page typescript labeled "Draft of Mein Kampf" "The moment I looked at it, read the opening lines and the attached document on its confiscation," Weinberg recalls, "it became obvious to me that this was not a draft of Mein Kampf (1924). In fact, this was the book to which I had seen references." Combining the instincts and sleuthing powers of a detective with the erudition and uncompromising standards of an estimable historian, Weinberg confirmed the document's authenticity, and persevered- over the next 40 years- in convincing scholars of the text's importance, and publishers of the necessity that it be issued.

In his Athenaeum presentation, Dr. Weinberg will describe the travails and triumphs of his life's work as a historian- including his endeavors involving the Nuremberg documents, the War Documentation Project, the American Historical Association microfilm project, the Berlin Document Center issues, and more recently, the Nazi War Crimes Disclosure Law and its implementation. Weinberg, the William Rand Kenan, Jr. Professor of History (emeritus) at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, has authored numerous books, including the magisterial A World at Arms: A Global History of World War II (1994); a two-volume study entitled The Foreign Policy of Hitler's Germany; Transformation of a Continent: Europe in the Twentieth Century (1971); and edited the above-mentioned Hitler's Second Book: The Unpublished Sequel to Mein Kampf (2003).

The Gould Center for Humanistic Studies, which proudly sponsors this event, has named Dr. Gerhard L. Weinberg the Golo Mann Distinguished Lecturer for Academic Year 2003-04.

Consumer Confusion in the Mortgage Market

Financial economist Susan Woodward brings both a wealth of experience and her recent findings about mortgage broker compensation to the Athenaeum audience. Prior to founding Sand Hill Econometrics, where she is Chairman of the Board, Woodward spent a decade in public service in Washington D.C. She served as the Chief Economist at the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and the Chief Economist at the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). As the SEC's Chief Economist, Woodward concentrated on economic issues in securities law enforcement and policy issues in corporate finance, market regulation, and mutual funds. At HUD, she specialized in mortgage issues, a topic which, along with her experiences in public service, will found the basis for her Athenaeum lecture.

She will set the stage by explaining the institutional arrangements by which wholesale lenders communicate the interest rate/point grid (known as the rate sheet) to mortgage brokers. Subsequently, she will share her analysis of mortgage broker fees surrounding refinancing and home loans that reveals some very interesting trends. As she states, "shopping for a mortgage is not easy." Race, level of education, gender, and interest rates are all key variables affecting consumer confusion and, in turn, the broker fee on the loan. Expertly combining behavioral and labor economics into her analysis, Woodward's lecture has something for everyone.

Susan Woodward earned her B.A and Ph.D. in Financial Economics at UCLA. She has taught at the Stanford Law School, the University of Rochester Business School, and her alma mater, UCLA.

China Rising-Responsible Power or Future Threat?
TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 4, 2003 12:15 p.m.

As China grows stronger economically and militarily, how are its international ambitions and intentions changing? Does it intend to follow the rules of the international system or challenge them? Have the efforts of the United States and other governments to engage China been successful?

Professor Susan L. Shirk is highly qualified to address these questions that have serious consequences for the future security of the United States.

Shirk has been studying and visiting China since 1971. A leading academic expert on Chinese domestic politics and foreign policy, she is a professor in the Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies, University of California, San Diego. Her books include How China Opened its Door: The Political success of the PRC's Foreign Trade and Investment Reform (1994), The Political Logic of Economic Reform in China (1992), Competitive Comrades (1982), and numerous scholarly and popular articles. She is currently writing a book on the domestic roots of Chinese foreign policy.

In addition to her academic contributions, Dr. Shirk has been an important player in American policy toward China and East Asia. She served as Deputy Assistant Secretary of State with responsibility for China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Mongolia in 1997-2000. In that capacity, she handled the visits of President Jiang Zemin and Premier Zhu Rongji to the United States and the visit of President Bill Clinton to China, the aftermath of the accidental bombing of the Chinese embassy in Belgrade, and the WTO negotiations with China.

Before serving in the Department of State, Shirk was the director of the University of California system-wide Institute on Global Conflict and Cooperation (IGCC). She also is the founder (1993) and leader of the Northeast Asia Cooperation Dialogue, an unofficial multilateral process for discussion of regional security issues among government officials, military officers, and academic experts from the United States, Japan, China, Russia, South Korea, and North Korea. She received her doctoral degree from MIT.

Dr. Shirk speaks at 12:15 p.m. after an 11:45 a.m. lunch and her visit is sponsored by the Keck Center for International and Strategic Studies.

Poet Reads from His Work
TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 4, 2003 2:00 p.m.

W. S. Merwin is one of America's most powerful poets. From A Mask for Janus (1989), selected by W. H. Auden as the winner of the 1952 Yale Younger poets Award, to his 1970 Pulitzer Prize-winning The Carrier of Ladders (1970), to his epic of Hawaii The Folding Cliffs: A Narrative of 19th Century Hawaii (1998), Merwin has developed a luminous language for his flowing explorations of the human spirit and the natural world. Merwin has also become one of the eminent translators of our time, renowned for his versions of poets as diverse as Lorca, Borges, and Follain. His masterful translation of Dante's Purgatorio (2000) has been followed by widely acclaimed versions of the classic Sir Gawain and the Green Knight: A New Verse Translation (2002) and The Song of Roland (2001). His recent The Mays of Ventadorn (2002) explores in lyrical prose the world of 12th-century Provencal troubadours in light of his own experiences as a long-time visitor to Southwest France.

A long-tune resident of Maui, Hawaii, Merwin is also an environmentalist, cultivating rare palms in a three-acre garden. "Some of the palms I've planted were officially considered extinct at the time," but is pleased by the fact that several of his specimen top eighty-five feet. Merwin was raised in New Jersey, the son of a Presbyterian minister for whom he began writing hymns at the age of five. After attending Princeton and extensive travel in Europe, Merwin returned to the United States and became one of the most recognizable and innovative voices in American poetry. In addition to the Pulitzer Prize, Merwin has been the recipient of the Tanning Prize, the Ruth Lilly Poetry Prize, and the Bollingen prize.

The reading will begin at 2:00 p.m. in the Athenaeum. All are welcome. No reservations required.

An Evening with Sylvia Brownrigg

If E.M. Forster's dictum "only connect" reflected a longing for coherence in the early twentieth century- the desire to "live in fragments no longer"- then Sylvia Brownrigg has summed up the new millennium's response: "But how to stay connected?" Brownrigg's first novel, The Metaphysical Touch (1998), takes this question as its epigram and focuses on a relationship forged in cyberspace between characters living on opposite sides of the United States.

How to connect? How to stay connected? People in Brownrigg's fiction often ponder the things that hold the world together. Her collection of short stories, Ten Women Who Shook the World (2001), "can be read almost as parables," says one reviewer, "but they are so fully felt and imagined that they seem almost breathed into being rather than written- a sure sign of the presence of a great writer-, when you can't hear the writing, and the story just pours effortlessly into your thirsty ear." Pages For You (2001), Brownrigg's poignant second novel, recounts the highs and lows of a doomed first love, connection written from the perspective of loss.

Brownrigg has a degree in philosophy from Yale University. In addition to writing fiction, she regularly contributes book reviews to publications such as The New York Times and The Times Literary Supplement. Her visit to CMC; takes place as in conjunction with the Gould Center seminar in Gay/Lesbian Writers of the 20th Century.

An Execution in the Family: One Son's Journey

It has been fifty years since the controversial execution of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg. At three years old, the younger of their two sons, Robert, was forced to experience a three year whirlwind which eventually left him without his patents. To this day, Robert, like many others, believes his parents were framed. While he acknowledges his father might have been a spy for the Russians during World War ll, it is clear to him that both of his parents received an unfair trial. Robert Meeropol was left with a deep resentment and moral opposition to the death penalty.

For more than thirty years, Meeropol has been a progressive activist. He and his brother, Michael, successfully sued the FBI and CIA, forcing them to release approximately 300,000 documents regarding his parents' case. In 1990 Robert Meeropol founded the Rosenberg Fund for Children, which provides educational and emotional support to children whose parents have been harassed, fired, arrested, or killed while pursuing their progressive activities.

The publication of his memoir, An Execution in the Family: One Son's Journey (2003), coincided with the 50th anniversary of his parents' executions. It describes the odyssey that created the driven activist he is today. According to actor Danny Glover, "Fortunately for us all, Meeropol reveals a soul-wrenching journey of personal courage and political discovery. An Execution in the Family is both timely and revealing. It is also a disturbing reminder of how, in the name of national security, constitutional guarantees can be easily ignored. It is a deeply moving account with painfully personal insights, into one of the most controversial cases in American history."

Robert Meeropol's presentation is part of the Athenaeum's series on Landmark Anniversaries.

The Madrigal Feast

Special Notice to the CMC Communitry

The Madrigal dinner is back! The Twenty-first Annual Madrigal Feast returns to the Athenaeum featuring the Concert Choir of The Claremont Colleges and the medieval cuisine of the Marian Miner Cook Athenaeum.

There are three dates still open: Thursday, December 4, Tuesday, December 9, and Wednesday, December 10. Due to the popularity of the Madrigal, you are encouraged to sign up as soon as possible. Seating is on a first-come basis. The CMC community-students, faculty, and staff-will get a preferential sign-up period through October 27. After that all other Claremont Colleges students may sign up.

Use the reservation coupon to sign up and be sure to include your payment and meal card number when turning in your reservation at the Athenaeum office- If you wish to sit with a group, please turn in a list of all names and meal card numbers with your payment. We have a limited number of tables that can seat 8 or 10 people.

CMC students with meal card $10.00 per person
CMC students without meal card $15.00 per person
CMC Faculty and staff (limit two tickets per person) $25.00 per person
Claremont Colleges students with meal card $15.00 per person
Claremont Colleges students without meal card $20.00 per person
Claremont Colleges faculty and staff (limit two tickets per person) $30.00 per person
Community persons $35.00 per person

Seating for each Madrigal Feast will begin at 6:00 p.m. with dinner beginning at 6:30 p.m. and concluding around 9:00 p.m. after the concert following each meal. All guests to the feast are expected to remain for the concert.

Where you sit at the Madrigal is entirely dependent upon when your paid reservation is received. Get a group of friends to sign up to sit together so that you may all have an unforgettable time at the Twenty-first Annual Madrigal Feast at the Marian Miner Cook Athenaeum.