November 8, 04

Vol. 20 , No. 05   

Policing Urban America in the 21st Century

The twenty-first century presents a complex array of problems for law enforcement officials in the nation's major urban centers. This is especially true in metropolitan Los Angeles, one of the most economically, ethnically, politically and culturally diverse regions on the planet. Greater Los Angeles is also the street gang capital of the nation and its size and importance make it a major potential terrorism target.

With a Ph.D. in public administration from the University of Southern California, Los Angeles County Sheriff Leroy Baca emphasizes proactive, progressive problem-solving leadership styles at all organizational levels to develop solutions for urban crime problems such as drug addiction, domestic violence, crowd control, homelessness, gangs, illiteracy, at-risk youth, parenting, and the quality of neighborhood life. With over 15,000 sworn and professional staff, LASD is the nation's largest department— and operates the largest local jail system. LASD provides law enforcement for 51 incorporated cities, 90 unincorporated communities, 9 community colleges, Metropolitan Transit Authority, and Rapid Rail Transit District. LASD also manages the Youth Athletic League Centers after-school programs for at-risk youth that feature academic support, sports, and cultural arts. Sheriff Baca has encouraged education in his own department by developing with five area universities the LASD University, where over 900 members are enrolled in bachelor and master degree programs.

Sheriff Baca is the director of Homeland Security Mutual Aid for California Region I, containing 13 million people. He entered the LASD in 1965 and was re-elected sheriff with over 72 percent of the vote in March 2002. Sheriff Baca's Athenaeum lecture, second in the series Issues in California Criminal Justice, is sponsored by the Rose Institute of State and Local Government.

Arab-Israeli Conflict and Peacemaking

Dr. Stephen P. Cohen combines scholarship and peacemaking in a unique fashion. As a leading social psychologist he pioneered in the development of the technique known as problem-solving workshops. As a dedicated peacemaker he used these workshops to bring together influential Palestinians and Israelis in a setting with tasks that would allow them to develop mutual under-standing, grasp possible solutions to their conflict, recognize barriers to peace, and find new ways of overcoming them.

For more than three decades Cohen has been actively engaged in bringing Palestinians and Israelis together. These meetings— confidential, unpublicized, composed of those who were and would become influential— helped lay the ground for the breakthrough in the Oslo accords. They continue to offer a way of breaking the cycle of violence and loss that now marks Israeli-Palestinian relations.

Among his activities, Cohen is National Scholar at the Israel Policy Forum. He and former Secretary of State Cyrus Vance founded the Institute for Middle East Peace at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York. The Institute is supported by Arab, American, and Jewish business leaders and has received the assistance of the Ford Foundation, the Rockefeller Foundation, and the Agency for International Development.

Dr. Cohen's Athenaeum lecture is sponsored by the Center for the Study of the Holocaust, Genocide, and Human Rights as part of the series Torture, Human Rights, and the Geneva Convention.

International Law and America's War on Terrorism

Since the September 11 terrorist attacks in New York and Washington, the U.S. Government has abandoned its traditional treatment of terrorism as a matter of international crime, to be prosecuted under the rules and safeguards of due process and human rights law. It has instead characterized the confrontation with international terrorism as "war." Despite the questionable nature of this characterization, however, the United States has been reluctant to apply even those minimum legal protections and safeguards that ordinarily apply in armed conflict. Professor Weiner will discuss the application of international human rights and the international law of war to the current conflict against international terrorism, including the prolonged detention of those designated as "enemy combatants" at the Guantanamo naval base in Cuba and elsewhere, as well as the recent Supreme Court decisions concerning those detentions.

Allen S. Weiner is the inaugural Warren Christopher Professor of the Practice of International Law and Diplomacy, a chair held jointly by the Stanford Institute for International Studies and Stanford Law School, and associate professor of law (Teaching) at the Law School. His expertise is in the field of public international law and the foreign relations law of the United Stares. His focus is on the effect of international law on the conduct of foreign relations and the behavior of states, courts (both national and international), and other international actors. Current areas of research interest include the use of force in response to contemporary security threats, the influence of international law norms on U.S. foreign policy decision-making, international criminal tribunals; and universal jurisdiction and the enforcement of international law norms in national courts. Before coming to Stanford, Professor Weiner served for 12 years as a career attorney in the U.S. Department of State. He served in the Office of the Legal Adviser in Washington, D.C. (1990–1996) and at the U.S. Embassy in The Hague (1996–2001), most recently as Legal Counselor, in which capacity he served as the U.S. Government's principal day-to-day interlocutor with the international legal institutions in The Hague, including the International Court of Justice, the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, and the Iran–United States Claims Tribunal. Professor Weiner received his B.A. from Harvard College and his J.D. from Stanford Law School.

Professor Weiner's Athenaeum lecture is sponsored by the Center for the Study of the Holocaust, Genocide, and Human Rights as part of the series Torture, Human Rights, and the Geneva Convention.

The Myth of the Racist Republicans
LUNCH, 11:45 a.m., LECTURE, 12:15 p.m.

One of the most pervasive and tenacious new storylines in U.S. politics is that the Republicans became a majority party by pandering—with a wink and a nod — to Southern white racists who had been alienated by Democratic support for civil rights starting in the 1960s. This story of the GOP's "Southern Strategy" has become a staple of journalism, scholarship, and campaign speeches. Even many conservatives suspect that their party might have a dirty little secret in the South.

Gerard Alexander argues that the evidence strongly suggests this story is more rhetoric than reality. He has examined two kinds of evidence— where and when the Republicans won Southern votes, and the policies they offered to do it— that support a rival explanation. He concludes that the GOP won the South by winning over its least racist voters and became the dominant parry in the South in the least racist phase of the region's history.

Alexander is associate professor of politics at the University of Virginia. He is author of The Sources of Democratic Consolidation (Cornell University Press, 2002) and scholarly articles in Comparative Political Studies, Journal of Theoretical Politics, and Revista Espanola de Ciencia Politica. His articles have also appeared in The National Interest and The Weekly Standard. His current research focuses on the trajectory of conservative political movements in Western Europe and the United States.

Professor Alexander's lecture is sponsored by the Salvatori Center at CMC.

Incompetence, Idiocy, Ideology, Paralysis, and Neglect: The Two Major Parties and the National Security of the U.S.

More than three years after 9/11, Mark Helprin suggests that American strategy is shiftless, reactive, irrelevantly grandiose; our war aims undefined; our preparations insufficient; our civil defense neglected. The polity is divided into support for either a hapless and increasingly feckless administration, or an irresolute opposition, preoccupied by its longing to appease America's rivals, critics, and enemies.

With fearless logic and sparkling prose, Mark Helprin criticizes President Bush, the Democratic nominee, and the 9/1 I commission for failing to formulate a clear vision of how to fight terrorism. Mr. Helprin, the renowned novelist, short-story writer, and strategic analyst, argues that President Bush has embarked upon an ill-considered, messianic attempt to transform an entire region. As long as our war aims stray from the disciplined, justifiable, and attainable objective of self-defense, America will be courting failure.

In short, the United States is threatened by unprecedented dangers, warns Helprin, and neither the political parties nor the American people have faced those dangers squarely and rationally.

Mark Helprin is the author of A Soldier of the Great War (1991), Refiner's Fire: The Life and Adventures of Marshall Pearl, a Founding (1990), and most recently, The Pacific and Other Stories (2004). Raised on the Hudson and in the British West Indies, he received degrees from Harvard College and Harvard's Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, and he did postgraduate work at the University of Oxford, Princeton, and Columbia. Helprin served in the British Merchant Navy, the Israeli infantry, and the Israeli Air Force. He is also a contributing editor of The Wall Street Journal and a senior fellow at the Claremont Institute. His lecture is sponsored by the Henry Salvatori Center for the Study of Individual Freedom in the Modern World.

So . . . How was Iraq?
LUNCH 11:45 a.m., LECTURE 12:15 p.m.

We've heard the pundits, the politicians, and the professors discuss the situation in Iraq, but very little has been heard from the soldiers themselves. Sergeant Adam Kokesh of the United States Marine Corps matriculated to CMC in 2001 after deferring college for a year so he could complete his Marine Corps training. He served as a reservist for his first two years of college, bur when the war broke out in Iraq, he volunteered to go. He spent two and a half months stationed at Camp Falluja and 18 days in combat during the siege of Falluja. His appearance at the Athenaeum is to answer the questions we all have about Iraq from the perspective of someone who has been there.

Kokesh is on the Marine Corps' Civil Affairs team, whose mission, "is to minimize interference of the civilian population with military action especially that which would put civilians at risk, and to allow the civilian population to aid military operations when possible." During his time at CMC he studies Psychology, plays for the men's rugby team, and is a member of Civitas.

Sergeant Kokesh will be speaking from a strictly personal perspective and will not be representing the United States Marine Corps, the Department of Defense, or any of its agencies in any way.

Picking Up the Pieces: Archeology and Nationalism in Modern Iraq

Magnus T. Bernhardsson teaches modern Middle Eastern history at Williams College. He was born in Iceland and received a B.A. from the University of Iceland, a M.A. in Religion from Yale Divinity School, and a Ph.D. in history from Yale University in 1999. A specialist on the political and cultural history of modern Iraq, his first book, Reclaiming a Plundered Past: Archaeology and Nationalism in Modern Iraq, will be published in 2005. His research focuses generally on the political and religious history of the modern Middle East, specifically Iraq, and he is currently studying the relationship between the United States and Iraq between 1920-2003.

In his Athenaeum address, Bernhardsson will discuss how Iraqi national identity has evolved from its establishment in 1921 until the war in 2003. He will specifically address the role of archaeology in the formulation of Iraq nationalism, especially as a tool to challenge foreign control of the country and to convince Iraqis of the legitimacy of the various Iraqi governments.

Professor Berhardsson's lecture is the first in the series The Islamic World: Past and Present, to be continued in spring semester 2005.

Challenges to Peacemaking in the Great Lakes Region of Africa

Dr. Howard Wolpe is the director of the Africa Program at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in Washington, D.C. The Africa Program started in 1999 to promote dialogue among policymakers and academic specialists on both African issues and U.S. policy toward Africa. The program holds public forums and directs the Congressional Education on Africa Program, which teaches Congressional staff member about issues in Africa. The Africa Program also directs a capacity-building intitiative in war-torn Burundi. The Woodrow Wilson Center was established by Congress in 1968 as a memorial to President Wilson. It is a nonpartisan institute supported by public and private funds that encourages the study of national and international affairs.

Before becoming director of the Africa Program, Wolpe served seven terms as a member of Congress from Michigan. He was the Presidential Special Envoy to Africa's Great Lakes Region and served as chair of the Subcommittee on Africa of the House Foreign Affairs Committee. Wolpe is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, and a member of the Board of Directors of the National Endowment for Democracy.

Howard Wolpe received a Ph.D. from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and has taught at the University of Michigan. He was a visiting fellow in the Foreign Policy Studies program of the Brookings Institute. He is the recipient of the African-American Institute's Star Crystal Award for Excellence, of the Michigan Audubon Society's Legislator of the Year Award and the Sierra Club's Lifetime Achievement Award. Dr Wolpe is currently working on a book detailing his experience as a diplomat in the Burundi peace process and directs a major post-conflict leadership training program in Burundi.

What Will Happen? The Path to Compromise and Reconciliation in the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict
LUNCH, 11:45 a.m., LECTURE, 12:15 p.m.

Meron Benvenisti makes no claim to divine inspiration, but there is little doubt that he has become one of Israel's most significant secular prophets. As an authority on the Prophets put it, "The situation of being immersed in the prophets' words is one of being exposed to a ceaseless shattering of indifference, and one needs a skull of stone to remain callous to such blows."

Benvenisti specializes in ceaselessly shattering indifference, ours and his own. For a decade and more, Benvenisti has maintained that the two-state solution was dead, leaving only the choice between apartheid and a single binational state. Or, as New York Times columnist, Thomas Friedman, put it, "Meron leaves us with these three options: Will it be a continuation of the shepherds' war between peoples fated to share the same sidewalks, but who want it all. Or will it be the shepherds' pie, divided, slice by slice, not in equal shares but in shares based on the power relationship between the parties—meaning that the Jews will get the lion's portion, the Palestinians the beggar's bowl. Or will it be some third option—the Benvenisti option—call it shepherd's stew, in which Israelis and Palestinians some-how learn to share equally the territory of historic Palestine west of the river Jordan."

It did not begin that way. Son of an early Zionist family, Benvenisti was trained as a geographer and historian. From 1971 to 1978 he served as Deputy Mayor of Jerusalem under Teddy Kollek and administered largely Arab East Jerusalem. In 1982 he established the West Bank Database Project. A frequent contributor to Haaretz, Israel's largest newspaper, Benvenisti is the author of numerous books, including Conflicts and Contradictions (1986), Intimate Enemies: Jews and Arabs in a Shared Land (1995), West Bank Data Project: A Survey of Israeli's Policies (1984), and Sacred Landscape: The Buried History of the Holy Land since 1948 (2000).

Meron Benvenisti's visit to Claremont is sponsored by the Keck Center for International and Strategic Studies and the Dean of the Faculty at CMC.

String Quartets in C Major "Dissonance" K465 by Mozart and in E-flat, Op. 51 by Dvorak

Back by popular demand, the Lark Quartet returns to the Athenaeum to once again wow the audience with their versatility and artistic integrity. Masters of both the traditional string quartet repertoire and the works of recent artists who delight in bending the "Classical" mode, the artistic energies of this unusual foursome are fueled by this contrast of stylistic extremes. According to the Los Angeles Times, "The Lark Quartet convincingly showed that grace lyricism and sense of order ... were what the composer valued most highly in the end."

The quartet consists of viola player, Kathryn Lockwood, who moved to the U.S. from Australia in 1991 and has won numerous prizes, including the Pasadena Instumental Competition. Maria Bachman plays the violin and was hailed by The New York Times as "a violinist of soul and patrician refinement." Cellist Astrid Schween is a member of the faculty at the Juilliard School's Music Advancement Program, the Sewanee Summer Music Festival and was recently appointed Visiting Professor of Cello at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst. Deborah Buck plays the violin and was awarded the prestigious 1996 Leni Fe Bland Career Grant, the Corwin Foundation Scholarship given by the Los Angeles philharmonic.

Theatre de la Chandelle Verte: Six Short Plays by Jean-Michel Ribes

The Theatre de la Chandelle Verte, featuring Francine Conley and June Miyasaki, presents a collection of six short plays by one of France's leading contemporary playwrights, Jean-Michel Ribes. These pieces, chosen from Ribes's Theatre Sans Animaux (2001) and Sans m'en apercevoir, are inventive and adventurous, funny and sad; together they offer the spectator an unexpected view of the world amid novel twists of language. Ribes was named the Director of the Theatre du Rond-Point by the Mayor of Paris and the Minister of Culture in 2001, and in the same year was granted the Plaisir du Theatre award for his oeuvre. In 2002, he won the prestigious Grand Prix Theatre de l'Academie Francaise.

Vaudeville is the framework for this show, a theatrical form which aptly permits the imaginative juxtaposition of the expected and the unexpected by taking an ordinary event or moment and turning it into something extraordinary by framing it as stage comedy. In this selection of Ribes' work, the text takes an extraordinary event— a moment— and attempts to frame it in ordinary settings. "I love sparks from a short-circuit, buildings that fall, people who unexpectedly slip or fly off, those sudden bursts of energy. These delicious little moments that tell us the world is not completely anticipated and that there are still some places where reality has not closed its gates upon our heads," says Ribes about this work. Each of the six texts presented here are "scraps" of ideas, sewn together by the vaudevillian's wink and smile. Christian Dumont of Theatre-en-Scene writes: "Jean-Michcl Ribes excels in the art of provoking laughter by creating, in several little scenes, a succession of curious accidents that arise from the derailing of everyday events that decide to follow strange and hilarious side routes where an impeccable cast frolics and flirts with glee."

Inspired by the galvanizing spirit of Ubu in Alfred Jarry's Ubu Roi (1896) who exclaims at every turn, "De par ma chandelle verte!," the Theatre de la Chandelle Verte is a troupe committed to the educational mission of promoting French-language theatre to university audiences nationwide, and to the creation of performances that are visually spectacular and intellectually stimulating. Since 2001, the company has created and toured innovative interpretations of works such as Jean-Paul Sartre's Huis Clos (1944) and Pierre Corneille's L'illusion comique (1636). The company was founded by four Ph.D. French graduates of the University of Wisconsin-Madison, including Jodi Samuels, Francine Conley, Christian Haugh, and June Miyasaki (of CMC), all specialists in French and Francophone literature and/or theatre, who had been collaborating since 1991 on a variety of French and Francophone productions. Audiences are guaranteed to learn about the vital and imaginative place of French theatre today. Performance is in French.

Is Atlanticism Dead? Transatlantic Relations after the U.S. Election
LUNCH, 11:45 a.m., LECTURE, 12:15 p.m.

Can the political institutions that once formed the backbone of the anti-Soviet alliance long endure after the fall of the common enemy? Did the crisis of 2002–03 concerning the war in Iraq portend the demise of the Atlantic partnership? If so, what are the likely consequences?

In this talk, Professor Andrews, who witnessed the recent erosion of Atlantic relations while living in Europe as Senior Research Fellow in Transatlantic Relations at the European University Institute, takes on these questions. Regardless of where blame lies for the current malaise, the project of building and maintaining an Atlantic community is at serious risk. The Alliance's strategic purpose is unclear and its domestic support greatly weakened in a number of key countries. The simultaneous fading of strategic clarity and erosion of domestic support is no accident. Only a rearticulation of the partnership's central meaning, in terms that correspond more closely to the desires of citizens and of organized interests on both sides of the Atlantic, will suffice if the Alliance is to thrive in the new century.

David M. Andrews is associate professor in the Department of Politics at Scripps College, adjunct professor at the Claremont Graduate University, and founding Director of the European Union Center of California. He spent the last two years at the European University Institute in Florence, Italy, as Senior Research Fellow in Transatlantic Relations. His numerous scholarly and policy-oriented articles have been published on both sides of the Atlantic. His most recent book is an edited volume, The Alliance Under Stress: Atlantic Relations After Iraq, forthcoming from Cambridge University Press (2005).

Mexico at the Crossroads: Moving Towards Reform or Into Gridlock?

Just days before the September terrorist attack on the United States, Mexico had reached a new pinnacle in the history of the bi-lateral relations between the two countries. Mexico has not enjoyed that position since 2001. Peter Ward, who directs the Mexican Center at the University of Texas, Austin, a leading, international center for the study of Mexico, will explore why our southern neighbor's political gridlock and incapacity to engage in effective institutional reform are leading to a 2006 presidential election likely to be the defining moment in determining Mexico's future democratic consolidation, its development, and ultimately its capacity to pursue an effective bilateral agenda with the United States.

Ward received his Ph.D. from the University of Liverpool, and taught at University College London and the University of Cambridge before his appointment at the Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs and the Department of Sociology, where he holds the position at the CB Smith Sr. Centennial Chair in US-Mexico Relations. The author of numerous hooks, including Opposition Government in Mexico (2001) and Political Change in Baja California: Democracy in the Making? (1994), Ward is the editor of the foremost journal in Latin American studies, the Latin American Research Review. He and has wife Victoria, an equally renown Mexicanist, recently received the Ohtli Medal, Mexican Foreign Relations ministry award, for services in advancing understanding of Mexican culture and society.

This lecture by Peter Ward is cosponsored by the Keck Center for International and Strategic Studies and the Marian Miner Cook Athenaeum, and is the final lecture in the series Democracy in Latin America.