November 7, 05

Vol. 21 , No. 04   

Training Leaders for Today's Military
LUNCH 11:45 a.m., LECTURE 12:15 p.m.

Colonel Heidi V. Brown took command of the 31st Air Defense Artillery Brigade July 12 at Fort Bliss, becoming the first woman to take the reins of an ADA brigade. Brown was also the first woman from El Paso, Texas to graduate from West Point and the first woman to command a Patriot air defense battalion. Col. Brown said she never set out to pioneer the way for women. In fact, she said she looks forward to the time when she can say that being a female combat-arms commander is no longer a novelty. "Someday, gender will be a non-issue in these positions."

Brown's military career began with completion of the Air Defense Officer Basic Course and the HAWK Missile Course where she was the distinguished graduate. Col. Brown holds a bachelors degree from the U.S. Military Academy, a master's degree in student personnel services from the University of South Carolina, and a master's in strategic studies from the Army War College. Her military education includes Airborne School, Air Assault School, the Air Defense Artillery Officer Basic and Advanced Courses, the Combined Arms Services Staff School, the Army Command and General Staff College and the Armed Forces Staff College.

Over the last 24 years, Colonel Brown has performed in command and staff positions at all levels in Army units throughout the world. She commanded an Air Defense Artillery battalion and most recently commanded an Air Defense Artillery brigade in combat operations in two theaters of operation Afghanistan and Iraq.

Colonel Brown's awards include the Legion of Merit (2 awards), Bronze Star Medal, Defense Meritorious Service Medal, and the Meritorious Service Medal (6 awards). Her visit to the Athenaeum is hosted by the Claremont McKenna College Army ROTC program.

A Matter of Trust: Attachment Relationships with Other-Than-Mothers

Carollee Howes, nationally and internationally recognized child care researcher, is director of UCLA's Center for Improving Child Care Quality. Her research focuses on children's experiences in child care, their concurrent and long-term outcomes from child care experiences, and efforts to improve child care quality. Professor of education at UCLA, Howes has been the principal investigator on the National Child Care Staffing Study, the Family and Relative Care Study, the Cost Quality and Outcomes Study, and the Then and Now Study.

Active in public policy for children and families in the county, state, and nation, Howes is advisor to the current National Study of Child Care in Low Income Families and the National Head Start Families and Children Experiences and Random Assignment Studies. She co-chaired the California State Task Force on School Readiness in 1987-88 and served on the more recent Universal Preschool and California School Readiness Master Plan Task Forces. She served on the 1998-2000 National Research Council Panel on Pedagogy for Early Childhood Education.

Carollee Howes' Athenaeum lecture is sponsored by the Berger Institute for Work, Family, and Children.

A Conversation about World Events

James A. Baker III, has served in senior government positions under three United States Presidents. His record of distinguished public service began in 1975 as Under Secretary of Commerce to President Gerald Ford and concluded with his service as White House Chief of Staff and Senior Counselor to former President Bush (1992 to 1993). Baker served as Secretary of the Treasury under President Ronald Reagan (1985 to 1988) and as Secretary of State under former President George Bush (1989 to 1992) during the years when the United States confronted the unprecedented challenges and opportunities of the post Cold War era.

Currently Mr. Baker is a senior partner in the law firm of Baker Botts and Senior Counselor to The Carlyle Group. From 1997 to 2004, Baker served as the Personal Envoy of United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan, where he worked to find a political solution to the conflict over Western Sahara. In 2003, Mr. Baker was appointed Special Presidential Envoy for President George W. Bush on the issue of Iraqi debt.

Baker's numerous awards for distinguished public service include: the Presidential Medal of Freedom, Princeton University's Woodrow Wilson Award, Harvard University's John F. Kennedy School of Government Award, the Hans J. Morgenthau Award, and the Department of State's Distinguished Service Award. In 1995, Baker published The Politics of Diplomacy, his reflections on revolution, war, and peace.

James Baker graduated from Princeton University in 1952. After two years of active duty as a Lieutenant in the United States Marine Corps, he entered the University of Texas School of Law at Austin. He received his J.D. with honors in 1957, and practiced law with the Houston firm of Andrews and Kurth from 1957 to 1975.

The Pacesetters Fellowship Program is the culmination of the hard work and dedication of alumni from the classes of 1948, 1949, and 1950 the Pacesetters. James Baker is the sixth Pacesetters Fellow.

One Who Made a Revolution: William F. Buckley Jr. and the Rise of Modern Conservatism

From the publication of God and Man at Yale (1951) through the Goldwater campaign of 1964 and the Reagan presidency, William F. Buckley, Jr., has always been at the center of the conservative movement. And as the founder of the conservative political magazine National Review, long-time host of the television interview show Firing Line, and author of over 40 books, the prolific Buckley has ensured that American conservatism will long hear his stamp. Sam Tanenhaus will examine Buckley's formative influence on the modern conservative movement, a movement that is still loyal to Buckley's famous description of its goal, namely, to "Stand athwart history, yelling Stop!"

Sam Tanenhaus is the editor of The New York Times Book Review. He has worked as an editor at The New York Times, contributing editor to Vanity Fair, and as a freelance writer and reporter. He won the Los Angeles Times book prize and was a finalist for the National Book Award and the Pulitzer Prize for his 1997 book, Whittaker Chambers: A Biography. Hailed by Time magazine as "one of the year's ten best," the volume was lauded in The Wall Street Journal as " epic tale, rich in pity and terror, with a great theme: the human cost of political morality...this is biography at its best."

Mr. Tanenhaus is also the author of Literature Unbound: A Guide for the Common Reader (1986). He is currently working on the authorized biography of William F. Buckley, Jr. His appearance at the Athenaeum is sponsored by the Henry Salvatori Center for the Study of Individual Freedom in the Modern World.

Commemorating Veteran's Day

After Vietnam: The Myth, the Media, the Truth

Three decades later, "the only war America ever lost" continues to haunt the national consciousness. Major Hollywood movies, bestselling books, and scores of newspaper articles have documented a generation of Vietnam veterans disabled both physically from Agent Orange and psychologically from Post Traumatic Stress Disorder.

In the mid 1980s, Vietnam veteran B.G. "Jug" Burkett began to question society's hardened veteran stereotypes. In a decade of research at the National Archives Burkett discovered what he interpreted to be a massive distortion of history perpetuated by the entertainment industry, the Veterans Administration, and the legal system.

In his controversial book, Stolen Valor: How the Vietnam Generation Was Robbed of Its Heroes and Its History (1998), Burkett seeks to debunk myths about which segments of the population actually fought in Vietnam and how they felt about participating. Stolen Valor also exposes more than 1,200 people, including politicians and entertainers, who fabricated claims of serving in the war.

For his work defending the honor of American troops, in 2003 Burkett received the Army's Distinguished Civilian Service Award from former President George H. W. Bush. He has also been the object of numerous journal articles as well as an award-winning segment on ABC's "20/20."

B.G. Burkett is a graduate of Vanderbilt University and the University of Tennessee. He served in Vietnam with the 199th Light Infantry Brigade and was awarded the Bronze Star Medal, Vietnamese Honor Medal, and Vietnamese Cross of Gallantry with Palm.

B.G. Burkett's visit to the Athenaeum is hosted by the Claremont McKenna College Army ROTC program.

Why CEOs Fail

Dr. Jay Conger, the Kravis Research Professor of Leadership Studies at Claremont McKenna College, is a world expert on interpersonal and organizational communication, executive coaching, leadership development, and program design.

The author or coauthor of 10 books, including Growing Your Company's Leaders: How Great Organizations Use Succession Management to Sustain Competitive Advantage (2003) and Winning 'Em Over: A New Model for Managing in the Age of Persuasion (1998), Conger's scholarly articles have appeared in publications such as the Harvard Business Review and the Journal of Organizational Behavior. Business Week rated him one of the top five management gurus and the best business school professor to teach leadership to executives.

Before coming to Claremont, Conger taught at the London Business School and served as the top-ranked professor at the University of Southern California's core MBA program. Professor Conger also consults with a worldwide list of private corporations and nonprofit organizations and is Associate Editor of Leadership Quarterly. He received his Ph.D. in Business Administration from Harvard University.

Needed: a New U.S.-Asian Policy to Respond to the Rise of China

Asia is changing rapidly as China grows. Already Japan and South Korea carry on more trade with China than with the United States. The United States needs a new overall policy to respond to the challenge. Professor Ezra F. Vogel will discuss this important and timely topic.

Dr. Vogel has been Professor at Harvard University since 1967 and is currently Henry Ford II Professor of the Social Sciences Emeritus. He graduated from Ohio Wesleyan University in 1950 and received his Ph.D. from Harvard in 1958. He succeeded Professor John Fairbank to become the second director of Harvard's East Asian Research Center in 1972 and chairman of the Council for East Asian Studies in 1977. He was director of the Program on U.S.-Japan Relations at the Center for International Affairs. He also served as the National Intelligence Officer for East Asia at the National Intelligence Council in Washington (1993-1995). And he was co-director of the Asia Foundation Task Force on East Asian Policy Recommendations for the New Administration in 2001.

Vogel has written numerous classic studies on East Asia, including Japan's New Middle Class (1963); Canton Under Commnism (1969); Japan as Number One: Lessons for America (1979); Is Japan Still Number One? (2000); One Step Ahead in China: Guangdong Under Reform (1989); and The Four Little Dragons: The Spread of Industrialization in East Asia (1991).

Professor Vogel's lecture is sponsored by the Keck Center for International and Strategic Studies.

The Health Insurance Crisis and What You Can Do about It

The United States' patchwork system of private and public health insurance is stumbling towards crisis. Employer-based health insurance, Medicare for the elderly, Medicaid for the poor, and veterans' health programs still leave 45 million Americans periodically uninsured. The 1990s revolt against managed care lifted some unpopular restrictions but triggered a decade of rising insurance premiums. Some employers dropped coverage; many others shifted greater costs to employees. Gaps, deductibles, and exclusions mount in a bewildering billing maze that frustrates everyone. How did this happen and what should be done?

Court is an award-winning, nationally recognized consumer advocate who helped to pioneer the HMO patients' rights movement in the United States, sponsoring successful laws in California and aiding efforts elsewhere. The Wall Street Journal wrote that "he's notorious for his dramatic, sharp-tongued attacks on the health and auto insurance industries and on any politician who takes their campaign cash."

Jamie Court is president of the Foundation for Taxpayer and Consumer Rights (, an organization that has saved Californians billions of dollars by taking on the auto and health insurance giants as well corporate domination of energy and other industries. Mr. Court obtained his B.A. in American and European history from Pomona College and has also worked as a homeless advocate and community organizer. He is the author of two books, Corporateering: How Corporate Power Steals Your Personal Freedom and What You can Do About It (2003) and Making a Killing: HMOs and the Threat to Your Health (1999), and is a frequent Op Ed contributor to the Los Angeles Times. His commentaries can be heard on National Public Radio's "Marketplace" and numerous radio and television newscasts.

An Entrepreneurial Model for Conserving the Giant Pandas: How a CMC Alumnus and the Roberts Environmental Center are Making a Difference
Dinner in Parents Dining Room

Marc Brody was born and raised in Los Angeles and graduated from CMC in 1983. In 1993, ten years after traveling in eastern China for his father's import-export company, Marc founded the U.S.-China Environmental Fund (USCEF), the first U.S. environmental organization to open a registered office in China. Since then, Marc has maintained an office in Beijing and travels to China approximately five times a year.

Since its founding, USCEF has worked to integrate environmental planning with economic development through unique model projects that strengthen the stewardship and conservation of China's natural and cultural resources. USCEF coordinates multi-disciplinary teams of architects and environmental professionals that transfer and adapt the best U.S. resource management practices.

When characterizing his work in China, Brody is quick to explain that USCEF's main programs have focused on two of China's most important icons: The Great Wall and the Giant Panda. At The Great Wall at Badaling, China's most famous section of The Great Wall just northwest of Beijing, USCEF designed the Badaling International Friendship Forest, a model interpretive park that balances conservation with tourism development. USCEF's work for the Giant Panda began in late 2000 at the Wolong Nature Reserve, China's largest protected area for the Giant Panda. From 2003 to 2004, USCEF redesigned and supervised the renovation of Wolong's panda breeding center, an internationally renowned facility with the world's largest captive Giant Panda population.

Using an entrepreneurial approach to conservation, Marc is currently developing the Panda Mountain ecotourism destination and the Wolong Panda and Conservation Institute to be a unique and integrated venture that combines a conservation station, experiential learning and training center, and ecolodge with supporting ecotours, restaurants, a tea house, and related retail operations. Panda Mountain's construction timeline and proposed opening dates will coincide with China's hosting the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing.

Seating for dinner is limited and on a first come basis.

Paranoia in the Modern World

For Professor John Farrell, the study of paranoia in the human mind reveals one of the fundamental transformations of Western intellectual thought. Through a unique and original fusion of literary interpretation, psychoanalysis, and historical research, Professor Farrell views the development of paranoia through modern times as central to fundamental questions of individual control and personal freedom that have occupied philosophical thinkers for hundreds of years. His latest work, Paranoia and Modernity: Cervantes to Rousseau (2005), traces this evolution through the writings of many of western civilization's greatest thinkers, such as Luther, Hobbes, and Rousseau, in order to understand the role of paranoia in the growth of western intellectualism from the theological debates of the late Middle Ages to the humanistic debates of today.

In addition to Paranoia and Modernity, Professor Farrell has authored or contributed to several other works relating to paranoia, suspicion, and their roles in psychoanalytic and literary thought. He is the author of Freud's Paranoid Quest: Psychoanalysis and Modern Suspicion (1996), as well as the author of numerous scholarly articles and reviews, including Moral Deliberation and Modern Literature, published in 1995. He was also the recipient of an NEH Fellowship for the academic year 2002-2003.

Professor Farrell received his B.A. from Brown University and both M.A. and Ph.D. in English and American Literature from Harvard University. Prior to joining the faculty at Claremont McKenna, he taught at Harvard and contributed to The Harvard Review.

Sometimes Justice Takes Time

As Turkey attempts to gain entry into the European Union over the next decade, one of the thorniest dilemmas facing both parties concerns the Armenian Genocide of 1915. In that horrific episode, which most western scholars and an increasing number of Turkish scholars believe was largely perpetrated by the authorities of the Ottoman Empire, an estimated 1.5 million Armenians died during the course of their displacement and the subsequent massacres that took place. The Turkish government refuses even today to designate the affair "genocide", instead alleging that the deaths occurred as a result of the anarchy and disintegration of the Ottoman Empire in the later stages of World War I; but its position is widely rejected among western governments and Armenian historians. The issue hangs as a Sword of Damocles over Turkey's efforts to integrate into western and global institutions.

One of the many fronts on which this fight is waged is the legal front, and it is here that Mark Geragos is determined to win justice on behalf of the descendants of the Armenian genocide. Mr. Geragos, a managing partner in the Los Angeles based law firm Geragos & Geragos, has twice successfully represented Armenian descendants in class-action lawsuits against insurance companies whose subsidiaries engaged in business within the Ottoman Empire. On behalf of his clients, who could number over 5,000, Mr. Geragos has won settlements of $20 million from the New York Life Insurance Co. and $17 million from AXA, an insurance company based in France but with holdings in the United States. Geragos has publicly stated that, beyond financial compensation, his ultimate goal is to help in the effort to gain official recognition of the Armenian Genocide.

The lecture and conversation with Mark Geragos at the Athenaeum is sponsored by the Center for the Study of the Holocaust, Genocide, and Human Rights at Claremont McKenna College.