February 06, 06

Vol. 21 , No. 06   

Music from the Grasslands of Inner Mongolia
SU LI, cello
DU ZHAOZHI, composer and piano
SU JIE, piano
SUOYILA, soprano
LUNCH 11:45 a.m., PROGRAM 12:15 p.m.

A delegation of musicians from Xiamen University and Sujian, led by nationally renowned Professors Du Zhaozhi and Su Li, will present a concert of traditional and modern songs and music from Inner Mongolia. This concert includes Mountain Songs that have recently been recognized as a National Treasure by the United Nations.

Professors Du and Su will talk about the music—the origins and significance of each piece—prior to the performance.

This is a rare opportunity to hear distinctive ethnic music from China performed by professional artists inspired by the particular styles of Inner Mongolia.

Social Entrepreneurship: Ethos Water and the World Water Crisis

For Peter Thum ’90, a business trip made all the difference. While working for the management consulting firm McKinsey & Company, Thum was assigned to South Africa for six months in the winter of 2000-2001. The widespread poverty he witnessed was disturbing. Yet one aspect of it in particular sparked Thum’s imagination and inexorably changed his path in life: the water crisis. His first-hand experience with the pervasive lack of fresh, clean drinking water among many citizens of South Africa, as well as his view of the resulting dangers and deprivations, inspired him to leave McKinsey & Company and develop a new company in the hopes of making a difference.
Thus in 2002, a water company devoted to using a portion of its profits to help the development of safe water resources in poverty-stricken nations, was born. Thum, along with Jonathan Greenblatt, founded Ethos Water. The company steadily prospered, and in April 2005 the Starbucks Coffee Company acquired Ethos Water, thus providing Thum a further platform from which to launch his humanitarian efforts. The Ethos Water Fund is currently directing funds to support water projects in Bangladesh, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Honduras, India and Kenya.

Peter Thum is currently a Vice-President at Starbucks Coffee. Before joining McKinsey & Company, he worked for six years in marketing and sales management at the Gallo Winery and as an English teacher at a language training center in Munich, Germany. He holds a Master of Business Administration from the Kellogg School of Management at Northwestern University, and a Bachelor’s Degree in Government from Claremont McKenna College.

Peter Thum’s lecture is part of the series Life after CMC: Alumni on the Move and is jointly sponsored by the Athenaeum and the Center for the Study of the Holocaust, Genocide, and Human Rights.

Fingerprint Evidence: Science, Psychology, Law
LUNCH 11:45 a.m., LECTURE 12:15 p.m.

Every week on TV crime dramas such as CSI, viewers can see crimes being solved because a criminal left his or her fingerprints at the scene of the crime. In the real world, many thousands of criminal defendants have been convicted or acquitted because of fingerprint evidence. But should we trust such evidence? Professor Simon Cole will discuss the history of the development of forensic fingerprint identification, focusing on the lack of scientific validation of latent print examiners’ knowledge claims and the legal controversy over the admissibility of fingerprint evidence. The lecture will present a psychological perspective on fingerprint evidence and discuss how psychological research might better inform our understanding of fingerprint evidence. It will conclude by asking whether we can draw broader lessons concerning the relationship between science, psychology and law from the fingerprint controversy.

Simon A. Cole is Assistant Professor of Criminology, Law & Society at the University of California, Irvine, where he is also an affiliate of the Center for Psychology & Law. He received his Ph.D. in Science & Technology Studies from Cornell University, and he specializes in the historical and sociological study of the interaction between science, technology, law, and criminal justice. Dr. Cole is the author of Suspect Identities: A History of Fingerprinting and Criminal Identification (Harvard University Press, 2001), which was awarded the 2003 Rachel Carson Prize by the Society for Social Studies of Science.

African American Hebrews in the Promised Land: Race, Religion, and the Reconfiguring of Diaspora

The Black Hebrew Israelites of Universal Practical Knowledge make up in bombast what they may lack in name recognition. Infamous in many urban American communities for their confrontational anti-white rhetoric shouted from bullhorns on busy sidewalks by robed and bearded black men, the Black Hebrew Israelites would appear to be a male-dominated fringe sect with a racist agenda. The reality is much more complex. In his talk social anthropologist John Jackson will trace the group’s transatlantic flow of practitioners, religious beliefs, and cultural practices as they reach from Israel to Harlem and North Carolina. He will discuss new fieldwork, done for his forthcoming book, suggesting that Black Judaism is constructing a new, self-styled vision of Black Diasporic possibility.

Dr. Jackson is an assistant professor of Cultural Anthropology and African & African American Studies at Duke University and a fellow at the National Humanities Center. He received his Ph.D. from Columbia University and was a member of the Harvard Society of Fellows. His award-winning first book, Harlemworld: Doing Race and Class in Contemporary Black America (University of Chicago Press, 2001), examines vernacular theories of race, class and their performative intersections. His latest book, Real Black: Adventures in Racial Sincerity (University of Chicago Press, 2005), uses ethnography to challenge scholarly assumptions about identity studies and black authenticity. He has also written, directed, and produced several films, including a nationally-distributed documentary, several internationally-screened film-shorts, and an award-winning 16mm feature.

Of Migration and Others

I personally believe that most artists are in one way or another reflections of their immediate surroundings . . . with the advent of a rapid globalization and the proliferation of information at all levels, this permits everyone, and particular artists, to take their ideas from a global well.
-Edouard Duval-Carrie

Edouard Duval-Carrie, born in Haiti and trained at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris and Loyola University, Montreal, explores the theme of migration through his provocative paintings, sculptures, and mixed media installations. His works, blending mythology, history, and Haitian religious mysticism, have been exhibited in galleries and museums worldwide. His Athenaeum talk will include a slide presentation.

Duval-Carrie’s lecture at the Athenaeum is part of the conference “Images and Representation—Visual Arts in Haiti” that seeks to examine different aspects of artistic creation in the context of Haiti today. This conference, which also includes artists Mario Benjamin and award-winning filmmaker Laurence Magloire, is sponsored by the modern languages department at CMC, the dean of faculty at Pitzer College, and the Athenaeum.

Speakers include two prominent contemporary artists: Edouard Duval-Carrie and Mario Benjamin, and award-winning filmmaker Laurence Magloire. They will examine different aspects of artistic creation in the artistic creation in the context of Haiti today. There will also be an exhibition of the artists' works in Lang Art Studio, Scripps College February 8-11.

In the Shadow of the Founders: The Meaning, and Significance, of "Generations” in American History

It is a cliché to remark that the lessons of the past remain relevant, and that many of the issues faced by past generations continue to haunt our societies to this day. Yet even more than most, Professor John Demos has spent his professional career illustrating the link between the past and the present in light of the early American experience. His vast research brilliantly demonstrates the inextricable link between the social currents of yesteryear and the societal trends of tomorrow for American individuals and American society. Moreover, by particularly focusing on the family unit in his historical scholarship, Demos explores an area of history that often receives less attention than it deserves; his focus on families and communities instills his research with a sense of perspective and outlook that is often lacking in historical narratives. The result is a body of work impressive in its depth and notable for its contribution to a greater understanding of early American life.

John Demos was born and raised in Cambridge, Massachusetts, graduated from Harvard College, and received his graduate training at Oxford, at the University of California at Berkeley, and Harvard. He has taught at Brandeis and at Yale, where he is currently Samuel Knight Professor of American History. His books include A Little Commonwealth: Family Life in Plymouth Colony (1970), Entertaining Satan: Witchcraft and the Culture of Early New England (1982), for which he received the 1983 Bancroft Prize, and Past, Present, and Personal: The Family and the Life Course in American History (1986). Demos’ The Unredeemed Captive: A Family Story from Early America (1994) received the National Book Award in 1994.

The lecture by John Demos is jointly sponsored by the Athenaeum, Gould Center at Claremont McKenna College, and the history department at Pomona College.

Distinguishing Truth from Objectivity: The Case for the Partisan Press

Can you trust a news medium that is explicitly partisan? Can a news source with a point of view be “balanced” and “fair”? Victor Navasky will argue for positive answers to these questions, in part by targeting The New York Times in his case against the objectivity norm in the news. He will also consider the great caricaturist David Levine as an example of how caricature, which by definition is unfair, can communicate truths, insights and perceptions which otherwise would be impossible to impart. Navasky’s lecture is the 2nd in a series of Athenaeum lectures this semester on bias and objectivity in the news media.

Navasky, editor of The Nation since 1978, became editorial director and publisher in 1995, and is now its publisher emeritus. He is also the George Delacorte Professor of Magazine Journalism at the Columbia University’s Graduate School of Journalism, where he directs the Delacorte Center of Magazines and chairs the Columbia Journalism Review.

Before coming to The Nation he was an editor at The New York Times Magazine and wrote a monthly column about the publishing business ("In Cold Print") for the Times Book Review. He is the author of Kennedy Justice (Atheneum, 1977) and Naming Names (Viking, 1980), which won a National Book Award and has been republished by Farrar Straus and Giroux (2003) with a new afterword; and with Christopher Cerf, he is co-author of The Experts Speak: The Definitive Compendium of Authoritative Misinformation (1984), a new version of which has been published in England under the title Wish I Hadn’t Said That!. He was founding editor and publisher of Monocle, a “leisurely quarterly of political satire and social criticism” that appeared in the late 1950s and early 1960s.

Navasky has served as a Visiting Scholar at the Russell Sage Foundation, a Guggenheim Fellow, a fellow at the Institute of Politics at the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard and a senior fellow at the Freedom Forum. And he has taught at Swarthmore College, Wesleyan University and was Ferris Professor of Journalism at Princeton University.

The New York Times said of his new book “Anybody who has ever dreamed of starting a magazine, or worried that the country is losing the ability to speak seriously to itself, should read his new book, A Matter of Opinion” published by Farrar, Straus & Giroux, May, 2005. It has been published in the U.K. by The New Press.

Service to Country: A Family and Community Endeavor

It is not just a Soldier that enlists or receives a commission into the Army; it’s a larger personal network that includes immediate and extended family members, former teachers and coaches, fellow employees, employers, church members and other members of the community. Simply put, a Soldier’s not alone in his/her service to country. The Soldier’s honorable service reflects more than himself/herself. This is as apparent today as ever, as the United States enters the fifth year in its Global War on Terrorism. Today, active and reserve forces, representing communities across all states and territories, engage in the full spectrum of military operations around the world representing America and her citizens.
Brigadier Mark A. Bellini, a native of Bethel Park, Pennsylvania, was commissioned a Second Lieutenant in the regular Army in 1979 following graduation from Edinboro University of Pennsylvania where he received a bachelor's degree in Economics. In addition to a bachelor's degree, Brigadier General Bellini holds masters’ degrees in Business Administration, Military Arts and Science (Theater Operations), and Strategic Studies. After attending the US Army War College in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, General Bellini was assigned to the War College faculty as Director, Military Strategy in the Department of National Security and Strategy. BG Bellini, while in Europe also attended the German Military's Higher Command and Staff Seminar at the Fuhrungs Academy, Hamburg, Germany.

BG Bellini, the 49th Quartermaster General of the US Army, has been assigned to a variety of key command and staff positions in the United States and abroad. His most recent assignments include Deputy Commanding General, 21st Theater Support Command (Germany); Commander, 1st Infantry Division Support Command (Germany) where he deployed to Turkey in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom; Deputy Chief of Staff, US Army Materiel Command; and Commander, 27th Main Support Battalion, 1st Cavalry Division.
BG Bellini’s awards and decorations include the Legion of Merit (with oak leaf cluster), Bronze Star Medal, Defense Meritorious Service Medal, and Meritorious Service Medal (with five oak leaf clusters).

Following remarks by BG Bellini, a tribute to America’s Soldiers and those family and community members who have supported them from our earliest days to the present, will be presented.

Shifting: The Double Lives of Black Women in America
LUNCH 11:45 a.m., LECTURE 12:15 p.m.

According to many social scientists, Black women must contend with the double jeopardy of being Black and female in a society that continues to devalue both statuses. Drawing on the African American Women’s Voices Project, a qualitative research study of 399 Black women, ages 18 to 88, from all walks of life, Kumea Shorter-Gooden will explore the impact of racial and gender bias on Black women’s self-image and emotional well-being; lives at school, work and in houses of worship; and relationships with men. She will discuss the concept of "shifting" and the implications for any group that is marginalized or stigmatized; e.g., other people of color, women in general, or people who are gay or lesbian. Also included in the discussion will be challenges to and strategies for creating a fair and just world.

Dr. Shorter-Gooden was one of two Black girls to integrate The Madeira School in Virginia in 1966, and she graduated with a B.A. degree (Magna Cum Laude) from Princeton University with its first class of women. She later earned the Ph.D. in Clinical/Community Psychology from the University of Maryland. A Licensed Psychologist based in Pasadena, California, she has a private psychotherapy and organizational consultation practice, and is an active speaker and workshop leader around issues related to African American mental health, women’s issues, and multiculturalism and diversity. Her luncheon talk is sponsored the Dean of Students at CMC.

Fascism: A Work In Progress

Fascism. Few words are more widely used and so poorly understood. As early as 1946, George Orwell proclaimed that "the word Fascism has now no meaning except in so far as it signifies 'something not desirable.'" Today's usage of the word makes Orwell's definition look like a paragon of precision. Jonah Goldberg peels back the history of fascism and its uses and abuses in the United States, offering a revisionist history of the word and discusses the perplexing popularity of the ideas on which it is based.
Jonah Goldberg is editor-at-large of National Review Online for which he writes "The Goldberg File" and a contributing editor to National Review. He also writes a regular column for The American Enterprise magazine, and his nationally syndicated editorial column, distributed by Tribune Media Services, appears in such newspapers as the Los Angeles Times, the San Francisco Chronicle, and the Washington Times.
Mr. Goldberg is a CNN contributor and regular panelist on Late Edition with Wolf Blitzer, and an occasional guest-host on Crossfire. A former television producer, he has written and produced two PBS documentaries. An award-winning journalist, his writing has appeared in The New Yorker, Worth, The Wall Street Journal, Commentary, The Public Interest, The Wilson Quarterly, The Weekly Standard, New York Post, Reason, The Women's Quarterly, The New Criterion, Food and Wine, The Street.com, and Slate.

Jonah Goldberg’s appearance at the Athenaeum is sponsored by the Henry Salvatori Center for the Study of Individual Freedom in the Modern World.

Fraud on the Supreme Court: Civil Rights and the Japanese American Experience

The U.S. Government’s decision to force thousands of Japanese Americans into mandatory internment camps during World War II will forever stand as one of the most egregious violations of civil liberties in this nation’s history. But while this act has thankfully achieved the notoriety it richly deserves, the danger of recurrence remains uncomfortably high in our current age of terrorist threats and unseen enemies.

Dale Minami is one of the nation’s leading advocates for the preservation of civil rights and civil liberties. As the lead counsel representing a Japanese American who had refused internment during World War II, Minami successfully overturned the 40-year-old conviction by challenging the legality of Korematsu v. United States—the 1944 Supreme Court decision that legitimized mandatory internment. He has received numerous awards for his dedication to the cause of civil rights, including the American Bar Association’s 2003 Thurgood Marshall Award and the 2003 ACLU Civil Liberties Award.
Dale Minami received a B.A. in Political Science from the University of Southern California and received his J.D. from Boalt Hall School of Law at the University of California, Berkeley. He was admitted to the California State Bar in 1972 and is currently a partner with Minami, Lew and Tamaki, a San Francisco law firm specializing in personal injury and entertainment law.

The Lark Quartet Plays Bolcom, Gershwin, and Debussy
Monday, February 20, 2006

Nearing the end of its second decade as an internationally celebrated string quartet, the Lark Quartet has evolved into a virtuosic tour-de-force. "Simply one of the finest ensembles in the world!" declared one German newspaper. From Mozart Festivals in Europe to American Music retrospectives at the Library of Congress, providing the soundtrack for choreographer Bill T. Jones' award-winning "Still/Here," and recording the complete Beethoven Quartet Cycle, the Lark Quartet's extraordinary versatility continues to dazzle.

Masters of both the traditional string quartet repertoire and the works of recent artists who delight in bending the "Classical" mode, the artistic energies of this unusual foursome are fueled by this contrast of stylistic extremes.

The quartet discography comprises nearly one dozen CD recordings and a 1998 video documentary of the ensemble which recently appeared on Public Television stations nationwide.

In addition to their contributions to the Lark Quartet, each member of the ensemble is professionally distinguished in her own right. Graduates of esteemed institutions such as Julliard and The Curtis Institute, these musicians are prize-winning soloists, recording artists, and university faculty whose talents mingle and multiply in the classic quartet.

Back by popular demand, this fine ensemble will once again provide a splendid evening of music for those fortunate enough to find themselves at the Athenaeum.

Nuremberg, Sixty Years After: Rhetoric and Meaning

While bringing high-ranking Nazi defendants to justice for crimes committed during World War II, the Nuremberg Trials carried out by the International Military Tribunal in 1945-46 introduced the concept of crimes against humanity. One of the twentieth century's most important legal proceedings, these postwar trials and their implications continue to be of immense importance.

Acclaimed scholar Michael Marrus will discuss the rhetoric and meaning of these landmark trials. Marrus is the Chancellor Rose and Ray Wolfe Professor of Holocaust Studies at the University of Toronto. A Fellow of the Royal Historical Society, he received his M.A. and Ph.D. from the University of California at Berkeley. He has been a visiting fellow and professor at Oxford, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, UCLA, and the University of Cape Town, South Africa.

He is the author of, among other books, The Nuremberg War Crimes Trial, 1945-46: A Documentary History (1997), The Holocaust in History (1987), and The Politics of Assimilation: French Jews at the Time of the Dreyfus Affair (1980). He was also a member of the international Catholic-Jewish historical commission to examine the role of the Vatican during the Holocaust.

After Nuremberg: Legal, Political, and Ethical Implications
In recognition of the 60th Anniversary of the Nuremberg Trials, the Athenaeum is privileged to present a roundtable discussion concerning the implications of those famous proceedings. The participants on the roundtable represent a group of internationally renowned experts on the many aspects of the Nuremberg Trials, including their legal, political and ethical consequences for the international community.

The discussion will be moderated by Jonathan Petropoulos, John V. Croul Professor of European History at Claremont McKenna College as well as the Director of the Gould Center and the Associate Director of the Center for the Study of the Holocaust, Genocide and Human Rights. The participants will include: Michael Marrus, the Chancellor Rose and Ray Wolfe Professor of Holocaust Studies at the University of Toronto, whose publications include The Holocaust in History: The Known, the Unknown, the Disputed, and the Reexamined (1987), Vichy France and the Jews (1981), and The Unwanted: European Refugees in the 20th Century (2001); Juergen Matthaeus and Patricia Heberer, historians at the Center for Advanced Holocaust Studies at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum and scholars whose recent research into the ethical issues of the Holocaust have elevated them to the top of their respective academic fields; and John Roth, Edward J. Sexton Professor of Philosophy at Claremont McKenna College, Director of the Center for the Study of the Holocaust, Genocide and Human Rights.

Iraq and American Empire

As the importance of the Middle East grows almost on a daily basis, and as the United States becomes more and more involved in the intricacies and dangers of Middle Eastern politics, it is becoming clear that the basic Western understanding of the cultural and political forces of the region is sorely lacking. How did today's Middle East come into being, and what influence did western powers have in shaping the political and economic realities of the region? Where are the forces of nationalism strongest in the Middle East, and what effect does this have on Middle Eastern politics? What are the prospects for democratic growth among the many authoritarian governments in the region, and what are the challenges facing the region today?

Professor Rashid Khalidi, the Edward Said Professor of Arab Studies and Director of the Middle East Institute at Columbia University, is internationally recognized as one of the leading voices on the formation and the development of the modern Middle East. He is the author or co-editor of a number of books analyzing the complexities of Arab nationalism and the question of Palestine, including Palestinian Identity: The Construction of Modern National Consciousness (1998); The Origins of Arab Nationralism (1991); and, most recently, Resurrecting Empire: Western Footprints and America's Perilous Path in the Middle East (2004).

Professor Khalidi's talk is the second in the series Islam: Past and Present, a year long series at the Athenaeum focusing upon the confluence between historical forces of the Middle East and their implications for the present day.

16th Annual Kravis-de Roulet Leadership Conference

Followership: An Outmoded Concept
LUNCH 12:00 p.m., LECTURE 12:30 p.m.

Joseph C. Rost, a distinguished scholar in leadership studies, argues that thinking of followership as a separate process from leadership is essentially an industrial concept that is outmoded and unacceptable in a postindustrial age. The idea that there is a separate process called followership is contrary to the basic assumptions and essential values of the postindustrial society.

According to Rost, the word follower is also a concept that is troubling within the context of leadership studies, and much of the time people use it in a very traditional and old-fashioned way. In spite of the attempt by some scholars and practitioners to add assumptions and values to the word such transformation is not going to happen in the postindustrial era, as the concept of follower is antithetical to the basic assumptions and values of the postindustrial society. Professor Rost will suggest some ways out of the follower problem.

Joseph Rost is a professor emeritus of leadership studies at the University of San Diego in San Diego, CA where he was a professor of leadership from 1976 to 1996. He received his Ph. D. from the University of Wisconsin-Madison where he specialized in the politics of education.

After his retirement in 1996, Rost collaborated with several graduates and doctoral students in leadership studies at USD to inaugurate the Institute for the Advancement of Leadership. He served as Executive Director of this nonprofit corporation until it stopped operations in 1999.

Rost’s first book, Leadership for the Twenty-First Century, published in 1991 by Praeger, is one of the most quoted books about leadership in print. He is presently working on a second edition of the work.