April 2, 2008

Vol. 23 , No. 09   

Music and Conversation

Daniel Valdez, composer, musician, singer and actor, left home at the age of 17 to join his brother Luis in Delano, California in the struggle for the just treatment of farmworkers. In January of 1966 Daniel joined Cesar Chavez and the United Farmworkers Union, and it was on the picket lines that Valdez learned to do Teatro and incorporate his music to bring the message of the UFW to the workers and the rest of the world. As one of the founding members of El Teatro Campesino, Daniel has been seen in many Teatro productions, including the Chicano film classic Zoot Suit (1981) for which he also wrote the original music and arranged all of the classic 1940's Big Band music. In 1987 Daniel produced the life story of Ritchie Valensi in the film, La Bamba. Both of these films were written and directed by Luis Valdez.

Daniel Valdez has played roles in numerous other films, including Which Way is Up? (1977) starring Richard Pryor; The China Syndrome (1979) with Jane Fonda, Jack Lemmon, and Michael Douglas; and Cheech Marin's Born in East L.A. (1987). However, Daniel's first love has always remained music. Along with Mr. Valdez’s list of stage, film and musical credits, he has always worked with community organizations and schools as a positive role model for Hispanic youth, with special guest lectures, performances, workshops and benefits for these organizations.

Valdez's first solo album Mestizo (1973) for A&M records propelled him into the world of concert performer, and the many musical artists with whom he has performed include Linda Ronstadt, Carlos Santana, Jerry Gracia, Ruben Blades, Celia Cruz and Tito Puente. In 1996 Valdez composed and wrote the original score for the IMAX film titled "MEXICO", a forty minute IMAX film tracing three thousand years of Mexico's history beginning at the height of the Mayan civilization, through the conquest and ending in the present. It has been named one of the top 15 IMAX films in the world.

In September of 1997, Daniel worked with the San Diego Repertory Theater and Southwestern College as a musical consultant and historical expert for the re-staging of the Luis Valdez American Play, Zoot Suit. This was the first revival of this classic since its creation 20 years before. In June of 2000 he reprised his role as musical director at the Goodman Theater in Chicago for their production of Zoot. So it is only fitting that Daniel Valdez present a concert at CMC during the Cesar Chavez celebration that also includes Claremont’s 5-College Theater production of Zoot Suit at Seaver Theater on the Pomona College campus. This 30th anniversary production is directed by Pomona College professor of theatre and dance, Alma Martinez.

Meet the Artist and Poster Signing
4:30 p.m. – 5:30 p.m.

"I live in two worlds, creating art to support a family and creating art to suport my community, the Latino community. In one of my worlds, I illustrate Steven Spielberg, John Paul Jones and Steve Jobs; in the other I paint Edward James Olmos, Congressional Medal of Honor recipient Eugene Obregon, and Cesar Chavez. One of my two worlds puts food on the table while the other offers nourishment that bread could not fulfill.

This hunger is satisfied with powerful images of Latinos on a quest for higher education, becoming professionals and accomplishing great things. This is where my satisfaction arises as a Chicano artist."

-Ignacio Gomez

Note from the director, Bonnie Snortum

You are welcome to join the Athenaeum in the several events we are sponsoring to celebrate the birthday of César Estrada Chávez (March 31, 1927 – April 23, 1993).

Monday, March 31st the student musicians of Mariachi Serrano de Claremont will entertain in the Athenaeum courtyard during tea from 3:00 to 4:30 p.m.

Works by artist Ignacio Gomez will be shown in the Athenaeum from March 31 through April 4. A reception and poster signing by Mr. Gomez from 4:30 to 5:30, Wednesday, April 2, precedes the Daniel Valdez dinner and concert.

The dinner on Thursday, April 3 has long been planned for the opening night of the 5-College Theater production of Zoot Suit (1977) and invitations have gone out to people from Claremont Colleges community involved in the planning of the Cesar Chavez celebration and invited guests, including students from all the Colleges. Dinner guests will have reserved seats at the play. Reservations may still become available fot those interested in attending this dinner. Please call the Athenaeum to place your name on a waiting list.

Several CMCers play major roles in this production of Zoot Suit including: Camilo Cuellar, Elias Rangel, Eric Trujillo, Rafael Elizalde, and Christian Aparicio.

Tickets are on sale at the Seaver Theater box office.


Dinner Theater
Rumors, by Neil Simon
WEDNESDAY-FRIDAY, APRIL 9, 10, & 11, 2008

Each spring, the Athenaeum’s intellectually charged interior is transformed into a world of thespians, with all the comedy, drama, and passion concomitant with their trade. This year, the Athenaeum is pleased to once again welcome Under the Lights, CMC’s very own theater troupe. Under the Lights is better known on campus as UTL, and has benefited this year from the leadership of Julian Dormady (’08) and Bradley Walters (’08). Their Dinner Theater production of Rumors (1988), a marvelously witty comedy by Neil Simon, promises to follow in the popular footsteps of UTL’s past performances.

Rumors begins with an anniversary party thrown by a prominent New York couple. However, when guests begin arriving, they discover that the host has been shot in the ear and the hostess is nowhere to be found. The play follows the pretentious socialites as they try to figure out what happened and simultaneously cover up the scandal, providing a delightful backdrop for Simon’s clever and hilarious dialogue.

The all-student cast, under the capable direction of Bradley Walters ’08, consists of: Alexandra Aznar (’08), Naomi Bagdonas (’09), Alex Hwang (’08), Cicily Keppel (HMC ’11), Julia Masnik (’08), David Pezzola (’09), Brendan Sasso (’10), Evan Sippel (’08), and Skipp Stillwell (’09).

Don’t miss this great opportunity to see your friends and classmates perform!

2008 Henry R. Kravis Prize in Leadership

Forum for African Women Educationalists (FAWE)
CODOU DIAW, Executive Director
SIMONE DE COMAMOND, Founder and Chair
MONDAY, APRIL 14, 2008
LUNCH 11:30 a.m. LECTURE 12:00 p.m.

In 1992, the female Ministers of Education from five African nations joined together to address the continuing lack of girls’ education across Africa. At that time, some 24 million girls did not attend school in Sub-Saharan Africa. As a result of their meeting, the Ministers of Education established the Forum for African Women Educationalists (FAWE). Since its founding, FAWE has expanded to include 32 national chapters, developing into a formidable non-governmental organization that tackles issues ranging from access to education to appointing more female teachers and improving educational quality.

FAWE is the third annual recipient of the Henry R. Kravis Prize in Leadership, awarded in honor of their tireless work on behalf of African girls, which has resulted in improved access to education for over 12 million girls. The Kravis prize, established in 2006, recognizes extraordinary leadership in the non-profit sector, and carries an award of $250,000 to the organization. The prize is administered by Claremont McKenna College, the Kravis Leadership Institute, and Marie-Josée and Henry R. Kravis ’67. It will be presented to Dr. Codou Diaw, FAWE’s Executive Director, and Simone de Comarmond, FAWE’s founder and current chair, at ceremonies in New York on April 10. We are pleased to host them here as well, where they will discuss their efforts to spread educational equality in Africa.

Democracy and Knowledge: Innovation and Learning in Classical Athens
MONDAY, APRIL 14, 2008

The city-state (polis) of Athens was governed by a highly participatory and deliberative democracy throughout most of the classical period (ca. 500-300 B.C.). Participation and deliberation are costly decision-making processes, demanding the energy of citizens and diverting state resources to democratic institutions. Twentieth-century theorists of social organization, from Robert Michels to Oliver Williamson, have argued that participatory democracy is unsustainable in a competitive environment. Yet, over time, Athens out-performed all of its more hierarchical city-state rivals. By conjoining contemporary theories of joint action and rational choice with a historical analysis of institutions and social processes, this lecture will explain how and why directly democratic government by the people produced superior state performance in the domains of wealth, power, and security.

Josiah Ober’s presentation is the product of a lifelong fascination with political processes and classics. The current Constantine Mitsotakis Chair in the School of Humanities and Sciences at Stanford University, Ober divides his time between the Classics and Political Science departments, and also holds a courtesy appointment in the Philosophy department. Before joining Stanford in 2006, Ober was the David Magie Professor of Classics and Professor of Values at Princeton. His academic work brought him a great deal of recognition, from visiting professorships at the Sorbonne and U.C. Irvine, to resident and research fellowships at the National Humanities Center, the National Endowment for the Humanities, Clare Hall (Cambridge University), and Guggenheim, among others. Much of Ober’s research and teaching focuses on the conjunction of Greek history, classical philosophy, and political theory and practice. This research has resulted in an impressive body of over fifty academic articles and books. His most recent book, Athenian Legacies: Essays on the Politics of Going on Together (2005), examines democratic and collective responses to crisis through the lens of ancient Athens. His newest work, Democracy and Knowledge: Innovation and Learning in Classical Athens, is due to be published later this year. In addition to all this, Ober has teamed up with fellow Stanford Professors Ian Morris and Barry Weingast on a three-year project comparing the ancient Greek state’s “political ecology” with modern nation states, which intends to provide a new paradigm for understanding both normative and empirical approaches to political science and history.

Ober’s lecture follows in the classical vein of Professor Arthur Eckstein’s lecture on the rise of ancient Rome, and it offers an enlightening perspective on another great state of classical antiquity by one of the field’s foremost experts.

Fatherhood: Remembering the Past, Imagining the Future

Ross D. Parke is Distinguished Professor of Psychology and Director of the Center for Family Studies at the University of California, Riverside. His interests include fatherhood, the relation between families and peers, ethnic variation in families, and the impact of the new reproductive technologies on families. His research focuses on the development of social behavior in young children. As part of a long-standing exploration of mother-father differences in styles of interaction, Dr. Parke is examining the linkages between family and peer social systems. He is interested in the lessons that are learned in the family that, in turn, influence children's adaptation to peers. With the support of grants from the National Science Foundation and the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development models of how family and peer systems are linked are being tested in cross-sectional and longitudinal studies using a variety of approaches including lab observational strategies. In addition, Parke is participating in the NICHD National Consortium on Early Child Care and Development, a multi-site longitudinal study of the effects of out of home child care on children's social, emotional, and cognitive development. With colleagues at the Center for Family Studies, an interdisciplinary group, he is exploring the impact of economic stress on adaptations in families of different ethnic backgrounds with the support of an NIMH grant.

Professor Parke has served as Editor of Developmental Psychology and the Journal of Family Psychology, and as Associate Editor of Child Development. He is past president of the Division of Developmental Psychology of the American Psychological Association and of the Society for Research in Child Development. He was recently awarded the graduate student mentoring award from the graduate division of UCR. He is author of several books including Fatherhood (1996) and coauthor of Throwaway Dads: The Myths and Barriers that Keep Men from Being the Fathers They Want to Be (1999) (with Armin Brott) and Child Psychology: A Contemporary Viewpoint (with E. Mavis Hetherington and Mary Gauvain) which will appear in its 7th edition in 2008.
His Athenaeum lecture is sponsored by the Berger Institute for Work, Family, and Children at Claremont McKenna College.

Claremont Colleges Debate Union: America Should Prefer Negative Campaigning
AARON CHAMPAGNE '10, moderator

In a survey of campaign conduct, the Institute of Global Ethics found that “more than eight in ten voters say attack-oriented campaigning is unethical, undermines democracy, lowers voter turnout, and produces less-ethical elected officials. And 60 percent are ‘very concerned’ that candidates attack each other instead of discussing the issues.” But research also indicates that voters react positively to negative campaign advertising, information, and tactics – negativity may increase voter participation in the electoral process. It is certainly the case that candidates and political consultants do not shy from ‘going negative.’ As political organizations, government officials, and the public work to improve campaigning, should reforms emphasize that candidates and campaign consultants adopt strategies that are more respectful or more effective? Please join members of the Claremont Colleges Debate Union for a lively debate on the topic, “America should prefer negative campaigning.” The audience will have an opportunity to engage participants during a comment and question period during the debate. Heckling is also encouraged.
The Claremont Colleges Debate Union is the nation’s largest and among the most successful college debate societies. Students have won three national championships and ranked in the top ten in the nation for 15 consecutive years. Students have won top honors at international contests in the United Kingdom, Germany, Canada, Korea, and China. The Debate Union additionally sponsors scores of live and broadcast public debates and discussions each year, as well as national and international educational outreach programs for thousands of secondary school students.

French Public Schools and the Ban on Head Scarves
LUNCH 11:30 a.m. LECUTRE 12:00 p.m.

Issues concerning the swelling immigrant population in France, composed primarily of North African Arabs known as maghrébins, played a prominent role in the recent French presidential elections, with the victor, Nicolas Sarkozy, promising a broad reform of immigration policy. Yet immigration policy alone does not address the barriers to assimilation that immigrants face in France. One of the most fevered disputes in French immigrant relations has been the controversy over 2004’s “loi sur la laïcité” (Law on Secularism), which reiterated France’s commitment to official secularism by, among other things, banning the wearing of large religious symbols in public schools. The ban applies to all religious items, including large crosses and Jewish yarmulkes, but most notably targets Muslim hijabs, or headscarves. Though a large majority of the French legislature, as well as the French population in general, supported the measure, it has since become a point of great contention among Muslim immigrants.

Geneviève Renault brings first-hand knowledge of the attempt to implement the ban on headscarves, and its effects on the French immigrant population. Born in Paris, never having seen the poor housing projects (known as HLM) in the immigrant banlieues (suburbs), Mme Renault joined the French public service as a teacher and was quickly assigned to teach French literature and English as a second language at the Lycée Adolphe Chérioux, a high school in Vitry-sur-Seine, a Parisian suburb. The high school is part of the Académie de Créteil, a massive, underfunded school district, comprised mostly of immigrants, that is regarded as a young teacher’s worst nightmare. Her high school in particular lies in a zone sensible and a zone d’édcuation prioritaire, French euphemisms for particularly violent and poverty-stricken areas, where teachers receive a bonus to compensate for the increased risk and frustration. Mme Renault has a wealth of experience dealing with the French education system, and will speak about the challenges of teaching immigrants in such a low-income areas, as well as the cultural and political issues surrounding the controversial move to ban the hijab.

Genevieve Renault's visit to CMC has been arranged in collaboration with professor of government Hilary Appel.

Iran Awakening: A Story of Revolution and Hope

Born in Hamadan, Iran, Shirin Ebadi’s life began as any other. She followed in the footsteps of her father, a professor of commercial law, and obtained law degrees from the University of Tehran. Shortly after her graduation in 1969, she became a judge. In 1975, she became the first woman in Iran to preside over a legislative court. In 1979, with the Islamic Revolution, however, everything changed. At the behest of the conservative clerics who controlled the regime, Ebadi and other female judges were stripped of their authority and demoted to secretarial positions within the judicial branch. When their protests were ignored, Ebadi opted for early retirement.

Ebadi was not able to return to her law practice until 1993, when she finally received the necessary permission to return to court. In the meantime, she began writing articles and books campaigning for a stronger legal status for women and children, becoming a champion of their rights in the face of the harsh Islamic regime. She has taken on numerous child abuse and anti-censorship cases, as well as established two non-governmental organizations: the Society for Protecting the Rights of the Child (SPRC) and the Defenders of Human Rights Center (DHRC).

In 2003, Ebadi’s efforts were recognized internationally as she was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, becoming the first Iranian, first Shia, and first Muslim woman to win the prize. The Nobel committee praised Ebadi’s courage, noting that she “has never heeded the threat to her own safety.” Her efforts on behalf of children and women have earned her international recognition, and her devotion to human rights has earned her praise. Ebadi is the author of, among other books, Democracy, Human Rights, and Islam in Modern Iran: Psychological, Social, and Cultural Perspectives (2003), as well as her memoir, Iran Awakening: A Memoir of Revolution and Hope (2006).

How Today's 20 Year Olds Will Become the Greatest Generation
LUNCH, 11:30 a.m., LECTURE 12:00 p.m.

On January 30, 2008, CMC helped to focus the nation on global warming with its faculty panel, "Global Warming: Is It Our Responsibility?" CMC faculty from economics, chemistry, government, and philosophy dicussed the problem of climate change from their unique disciplines, adding to our understanding and analysis of the problem of global warming. The same day, thousands of other college students also participated in Focus the Nation, a countrywide educational initiative to bring global warming to front and center on college campuses. Eban Goodstein is the founder of Focus the Nation.

Eban Goodstein teaches economics at Lewis and Clark College in Portland, Oregon. He received his B.A. from Williams College and his Ph.D. from the University of Michigan. He is the author of Economics and the Environment (John Wiley and Sons: 2004) now in its fourth edition, as well as The Trade-off Myth: Fact and Fiction about Jobs and the Environment (Island Press: 1999), and Fighting for Love in the Century of Extinction: How Passion and Politics Can Change the Future (University of Vermont Press: 2007). He is on the Steering Committee of the Economics for Equity and Environment: E3 Network and is a Member Scholar at the Center for Progressive Reform. His research and activities have been featured in Scientific American, The New York Times, The Economist, The Chronicle of Higher Education, and USA Today.

Goodstein's talk is sponsored by the Environmental Crusaders, a student group that plans green activities on campus. In addition to planning the faculty panel on global warming, the Environmental Crusaders organized the Dorm Energy Challenge.

Goodstein's visit is in honor of the national celebration of Earth Day.

Coverage Without Gaps

Peter Harbage is the Senior Program Associate in the Health Policy Program at the New America Foundation, a non-partisan public policy think tank based in Washington, DC. The New America Foundation devotes itself to bringing new and innovate ideas to the forefront in public policy issues, and eschews a particular liberal or conservative ideology. The Foundation’s Health Policy Program’s goals are to find some way to provide all Americans with health care coverage while reducing the growth in cost and enhancing quality. These goals are ambitious, but as it becomes increasingly clear that the American health care system faces a crisis, they seem all the more necessary. With 47 million Americans lacking health insurance at one point or another, and with Americans spending 16% of their GDP on health care – the world’s largest proportion in a per-capita basis – no one doubts that the next American president’s domestic agenda will include some sort of health care reform.

In addition to his work with the New America Foundation, Mr. Harbage is the President of Harbage Consulting, a health policy analysis firm based in Sacramento. From 2001 to 2003, he served as Assistant Secretary of Health for the state of California, where he managed the nation’s largest state-operated health insurance programs for low-income families. Mr. Harbage has also worked in the Clinton Administration on Medicare and Medicaid, and served as the top health care advisor to Senator John Edwards. He is a true expert on health policy, and has published extensive articles and policy papers on health care reform. Mr. Harbage graduated Phi Beta Kappa from the University of Michigan, where he also earned a master’s degree in public policy.

Harbage’s lecture is one of four speakers in the ongoing Athenaeum theme on “Markets, Mandates, or Medicare for All?” offered in conjunction with Professor Fred Lynch’s class, “Organization of Healthcare and Public Policy.”

Sacred and Forbidding Terrain: On the Historic Pilgrim Trail to the Sources of the Ganga
LUNCH 11:30 a.m.; LECTURE 12:00 p.m.

It is often said that the historical memory of the river Ganges dates much further back than the recorded history of India. The mythical origins of the beloved riparian goddess who roared down from the Himalayas at the entreaty of mortals to cast away their sins and misdeeds, is still vital to the people of the great northern plains of northern India today, and indeed without her one could hardly imagine the long-unfolding sense of community among those who have inhabited the great northern Indian plains for the last 2000 years or more. In this paper, which is drawn from a chapter of my forthcoming book, Ganga: The Many Pasts of an Indian River (Yale UP 2009), I will discuss some of the fundamental ideas and practices that constitute a particular pilgrim - imaginary, and its enchanted landscape through which the goddess flows. Recounting my own journeys to the Gaumukh glacier and Tapovan in years past, I hope to reconstruct and re-situate the pilgrim’s arduous trail across the hills and rocks that lie in the path to its source – especially that of the renunciate, the widowed, and the sick – in a wider historical and cultural context.

Dr. Sudipta Sen is Professor of History at University of California, Davis. His research interests include history of late medieval and modern India, and imperial Britain. He is the author of Distant Sovereignty: National Imperialism and the Origins of British-India (London: Routledge, 2002) and Empire of Free Trade: The East India Company and the Making of the Colonial Marketplace (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1998). Recent publications include "Liberal Empire and Illiberal Trade: The Political Economy of 'Responsible Government' in Early British India", in Kathleen Wilson edited, The New Imperial History: Culture, Identity and Modernity 1660-1836 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004), and "Imperial Subjects On Trial: On the Legal Identity of Britons in Late Eighteenth-Century India." Journal of British Studies, (2006).

His forthcoming book is called Ganga: The Many Pasts of an Indian River (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2009).

The Challenge of Yoga: Enlightened Engagement in Patanjali's Yoga-Sutra

In 1999 CMC alumnus L. J. Kutten '74 endowed a lectureship in philosophy and religion to bring to campus scholars from traditions outside the mainstream of western religions. This past year, the L.J. Kutten lecture featured a presentation by Tim Ward in September and now this talk by professor Ian Whicher.

Ian Whicher challenges the often held radically dualistic and isolationistic interpretations of Yoga and suggests that as classically envisioned Yoga does not lead to the condemnation or abandonment of material life but to an enhanced engagement with the world, an engagement that seeks to enrich human interactions within the world. Rather than approach Patanjali’s thought from the perspective of a set of dualistic metaphysical assumptions derived from classical Samkhya, this paper pursues a reading of theYoga Sutra that privileges the experience of yoga over metaphysical abstraction. Drawing from classical texts, it is argued that Yoga can culminate in a balanced integration of the spiritual and material dimensions of human life. Yoga can thus be seen to incorporate a clarity of awareness with the integrity of being and action Professor Whicher will explore Patanjali’s Sutra in his lecture at the Athenaeum.

Professor Whicher is a Canadian and earned his PhD from the University of Cambridge, England. He is currently a Professor in the Department of Religion at the University of Manitoba in Winnipeg, Canada. Whicher specializes in philosophies of India and the Yoga tradition. He is co-editor of Yoga: The Indian Tradition (2003) and the author of several books and articles, including The Integrity of the Yogo Darsana: A Reconsideration of Classical Yoga (1998) and Patanjali’s Metaphysical Schematic: Purusa and Prakti in the Yoga-Sutra (2001). He is currently engaged in a project on The Reconciliation of Action and Contemplation in the Yoga Tradition.

Crimes of War

As a journalist and commentator, Roy Gutman has been on the front lines of the major international events of the last decades, from the fall of the Soviet Union, to the disintegration of the former Yugoslavia, to the current conflicts in the Middle East. Through it all, Gutman’s voice has been uncompromisingly insistent on justice and the promulgation of accurate information about the realities and atrocities of war. His impressive work has awarded him the highest honors the field of journalism has to offer, including the Pulitzer Prize for international reporting, the George Polk Award for foreign reporting, the Selden Ring Award for investigative reporting, and a special Human Rights in Media Award from the International League for Human Rights.

A native of New York City, Gutman majored in History at Haverford College before going on to receive a master’s degree in International Relations from the London School of Economics. His journalistic career really flourished at Newsday in New York, which he joined in 1982. Gutman’s work as the National Security Reporter in Washington, D.C. led to the publication of his award-winning first book, Banana Diplomacy: The Making of American Policy in Nicaragua 1981-1987 (1988). From there, Gutman covered the collapse of communism as European Bureau Chief from 1989-1994. His insightful and revelatory coverage of war crimes in the Balkans was compiled into the 1993 Pulitzer Prize-winning A Witness to Genocide. Gutman’s passion has not limited itself to pure journalism, as he also serves as chairman of American University’s Crimes of War Project, a collaboration of journalists, lawyers, and scholars who seek to raise public awareness of the legal and humanitarian frameworks for armed conflict. In connection with the project, Gutman co-edited Crimes of War: What the Public Should Know (1999). Most recently, Gutman has turned his incisive analysis to American intelligence in the Middle East with his book How We Missed the Story: Osama Bin Laden, the Taliban, and the Hijacking of Afghanistan (2008).

A former senior fellow of the United States Institute of Peace and current Foreign Editor for the McClatchy Washington Bureau, Gutman’s impressive experience in policy and journalism provide him with a unique and valuable perspective on these complex issues, and the Athenaeum is pleased to welcome him.

Gutnam's Athenaeum lecture is cosponsored by the Center for the Study of the Holocaust, Genocide, and Human Rights and the Athenaeum at Claremont McKenna College.

How to Solve America's Health Care Crisis

Sally Pipes is a leading voice on health care, women’s issues, civil rights, and the economy, and has engaged on virtually every level of the debate. As a commentator, Pipes has written regular columns for Chief Executive, Investor’s Business Daily, and the San Francisco Examiner, and is the wife of Professor of Government Charles Kesler. Her opinion pieces have been featured in the Wall Street Journal, Washington Post, New York Times, San Francisco Chronicle, National Review, USA Today, and on RealClearPolitics.com, to name just a few. Pipes also joined a number of leading political and social policy world leaders in contributing to a special report published by Forbes.com titled “Solutions: Health Care.” She has appeared on Fox News'The O'Reilly Factor and Your World with Neil Cavuto, NBC's Nightly News with Brian Williams, and Kudlow & Company on MSNBC. Her most recent book, Miracle Cure: How to Solve America’s Health Care Crisis and Why Canada Isn’t the Answer (2004), with a foreword by Milton Friedman, is a timely examination of what has become one of the leading issues of the current presidential campaign.

Pipes serves as president and CEO of the Pacific Research Institute, a San Francisco-based think tank founded in 1979 that focuses on free market policy solutions to contemporary issues. Before becoming president in 1991, Pipes was assistant director of the Fraser Institute, based in Vancouver, Canada. Pipes’ work has led to a number of other engagements and awards. Recently, she has been the recipient of honors from the California Women’s Leadership Association (2008), was named one of the Top 10 Women in the Conservative Movement in America by Human Events (2005), and received the Roe Award from the State Policy Network (2004). Pipes became an American in December 2006.

Pipes’ lecture is one of four speakers in the ongoing Athenaeum theme on “Markets, Mandates, or Medicare for All?” offered in conjunction with Professor Fred Lynch’s class, “Organization of Healthcare and Public Policy.”

Claremont McKenna Economics Society Award Dinner

The Global Energy Challenge: Why Economics Matters More Than Ever
TUESDAY, MAY 6, 2008

Joe Petrowski is President and CEO of Gulf Oil in Boston, MA and a board member of the Financial Economics Institute at Claremont McKenna College.

Gulf Oil is a $6 billion wholesaler of refined petroleum products. The company supplies over 2500 gasoline stations and delivers products and associated financial and logistical services to wholesale and retail customers throughout the Northeast. Prior to joining Gulf, Joe had been President of Louis Dreyfus Energy and Consolidated Natural Gas.

Joe is a 1976 Honors Graduate of Harvard College with a degree in economics and government. He and his family live in the Boston area and Joe is a member of the CMC Parents Committee, Northeast. As a member of the Financial Economics Institute board, Joe brings his broad knowledge of energy resources and issues to the Institute’s study of finance and risk management.